BOTH NIGERIAN AIR FORCE ALENIA ATR 42-500 MPA SURVEYOR PLANES NOW ELINT-COMPLIANT

NAF 930

NAF 931

PHOTO CREDIT: GERRY RUDMAN

http://www.egphotos.co.uk/bigimage.php?image_id=6503

Photographs show NAF 930 and NAF 931 (ATR 42-500MPA Surveyor planes) which have become even more advanced Special Mission Aircraft as
can be gleaned from the photographs after they underwent ELINT upgrades.Note the domes on the fuselage just
behind the wings.

The now ELINT-compliant Surveyor planes can thus undertake the gathering of military or other intelligence through the monitoring of electronic signals such as satellite transmissions, rocket telemetry and radar emissions while themselves being difficult to detect.

With those upgrades completed during Q4 2013, the Nigerian Air Force now possess the most advanced aerial surveillance platforms in sub-Saharan Africa.

At this time, only Nigeria, South Africa and Angola possess any ELINT capabilities across the said region .

BACKGROUNDER

http://beegeagle.wordpress.com/2013/12/03/nigerian-air-force-alenia-atr-42-500-mpa-surveyor-naf-931-now-a-more-advanced-special-mission-aircraft-undergoes-elint-upgrade-world-exclusive-photo/

BEEGEAGLE’S BLOG – say what we mean, mean what we say.

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FG OKAY ACQUISITION OF NEW FIGHTER AIRCRAFT, HELICOPTERS FOR THE NIGERIAN AIR FORCE, UPGRADES OF IN-SERVICE AIRFRAMES ; NEW AIRCRAFT TO BE SHOWCASED SOON

A NAF Alpha Jet prepares for AFISMA air recce/border patrol in Niamey, Niger

A NAF Alpha Jet pilot prepares for an air recce/border patrol sortie

NIGERIAN EYE
8 April, 2014

The Federal Government has granted
approval to the Nigerian Air Force to
acquire more fighter jets and helicopters in the ongoing campaign against terrorism and insurgency in the country.

The Chief of Air Staff, Air Marshal
Adesola Amosu, disclosed this during a press briefing on the forthcoming 50th Anniversary Celebration of the Nigerian Air Force in Abuja on Tuesday.

Amosu said the Federal Government had also made provision to the authorities of the Air Force to upgrade existing platforms in order to put the service in a better position to carry out its statutory security responsibilities.

He said a major challenge of the Nigerian Air Force was obsolete equipment some of which, according to him, were acquired at inception. He said the leadership of the Air Force
had adopted innovative approach to
ensure effective upgrade of the old
equipment as Nigeria was not the only country whose Air force had to contend with the problem of aging equipment.

He said the Air Force under his
leadership would soon showcase the
new aircraft being acquired for the
service by the Federal Government.

He said, “Over the years, the Nigerian Air Force has grown from a small service with few platforms to one with over seventeen aircraft types and still growing. “Indeed, recently, the Federal Government approved the acquisition of new fighter aircraft and helicopters for the Nigerian Air Force as well as the upgrade of some of our existing platforms to enable the service perform its role…

“The challenge the Nigerian Air Force is facing today as we clock 50 today is
obvious. We have been on for 50 years; some of the platforms that we have are as old as the Nigerian Air Force. “That is why we decided to, kind of say;‘let us introduce innovative approaches to fixing these old platforms.’ We are achieving a lot.

“We are not the only nation that is
saddled with old platforms. What you do is you upgrade regularly, upgrade the system, we are already doing a lot in that regard. “The Machines, the Federal Government is giving us what is required to get them going. But again, we need to thank the Federal Government.

“Arrangement is in place to raise for us new platforms. Very soon we will be showcasing the new platforms that have been acquired for us.”

Major dailies had earlier reported that the ongoing campaign against
insurgency was being hampered by
obsolete military hardware in use. It was reported that the Armoured
Personnel Carriers, the Alpha Fighter
Jets, the MIG Fighter Jets and the
helicopter gunships that were being
used in the ongoing fight against the
insurgents were acquired between 1979 and 1982 by the Alhaji Shehu Shagari regime.

Amosu who also spoke on the challenges facing the Air Force in the ongoing campaign against the insurgency in the North East identified the unwillingness of the citizenry of the affected areas to
volunteer necessary information on the activities of the insurgents. He said if adequate information was
made available to security operatives,
the task of stabilising the North East
would have been concluded.

However, he said the citizens had
started showing some concern with
some changes taking place which were indicative of the restoration of the confidence of the people.

Speaking also on the call by some
northern leaders against the extension of the Emergency rule in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states, which is expected to expire by April 19, 2014, the CAS said there were variables that could prevent the security forces from achieving their
targets in the fight against terrorism.

He said the security agencies were
putting in their best and would require the cooperation of the citizenry to ensure speedy conclusion of the campaign against the insurgents.

“The main challenge is that of the
citizens not giving information, we need the cooperation of the citizens; this is a war that all Nigerians are encouraged to participate; we need information, with information, perhaps we would have concluded the whole activities of stabilizing the North East.

“But I believe that the citizens are
equally concerned, we are already
seeing some signs. Once we get those
information as we ought to have, you
will see the changes that would take
place. For now, I want to really thank Nigerians, we are really getting
information, the confidence is gradually coming back,” he said.

The CAS also said the Air Force had some hints before the attack of its base in Maiduguri and took steps to execute a defence plan for the formation, which prevented people from being killed. He said the Air Force couldn’t carry out air strikes because of the need to avoid killing the very people that they were deployed to protect in Maiduguri.

SEE ALSO

http://www.punchng.com/news/fg-okays-new-fighter-jets-for-air-force/

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HAVE THE NIGERIAN AIR FORCE TAKEN DELIVERY OF NEW ALX SUPER TUCANO GROUND ATTACK AIRCRAFT FOR COUNTERINSURGENCY OPERATIONS ??

BEEGEAGLE’S BLOG
31 March, 2014

Reliable reports reaching Beegeagle’s Blog indicate that the Nigerian Air Force may have received a major boost to its counterinsurgency operational capabilities with the delivery last week of an unknown number of the highly rated ALX Super Tucano ground attack aircraft.

At about 1100 hrs on Saturday 29 March, at least two units of the potent aircraft were spotted while circling to land at Makurdi in central Nigeria and they were reportedly painted in a grey colour scheme. The aircraft reportedly flew in from Abuja.

As of yesterday, feelers indicated that the ALX Super Tucano aircraft are sure to be unveiled at the biennial Nigerian Air Force AIR EXPO, the third edition of which takes place this year in which the NAF are marking the golden jubilee of their coming into being as the air warfare arm of the Nigerian Armed Forces.

It was further gathered that details on the induction such as the precise number acquired as well as static and aerial displays of the potent aircraft shall be made available at the event.

Beegeagle’s Bloggers say ‘kudos’ to the Federal Government for the seemingly renewed interest in boosting the combat power of the NAF. It would be recalled that the NAF in 2013-2014 are believed to have either placed orders for or taken delivery of a mix of nineteen transport/assault/attack helicopters including three Mi-35P attack helicopters, six advanced Mi-35M night attack helicopters, four Mi-17 transport helicopters and six Mi-171Sh Terminator assault helicopters.

Going back to 2010, the NAF have either commenced or completed construction work on new aircraft hangars at no less than seven airbases. Of the lot, only Ilorin is a new base, with the rest being decades old. This has led savvy watchers of the NAF to suggest an incoming cascade of airframes.

Indeed, a year ago while inspecting construction work at the Benin airbase, the incumbent Chief of Defence Staff (then Chief of the Air Staff) called for work to be expedited on the construction of the hangar in view of the imminent delivery of unspecified new aircraft.

SEE

http://www.beegeagle.wordpress.com/2013/03/15/nigerian-air-force-chief-visits-81-air-maritime-group-in-benin-laments-slow-pace-of-work-on-hangar-intended-for-unspecified-aircraft-says-naf-poised-to-tackle-oil-bunkerers/

BACKGROUNDER

http://www.beegeagle.wordpress.com/tag/a29-super-tucano/

HANGARS GALORE!

http://www.beegeagle.wordpress.com/2013/11/20/nigerian-air-force-chief-visits-203-medium-airlift-group-inspects-progress-of-work-on-new-aircraft-hangar-at-ilorin-slams-critics-of-the-extension-on-emergency-rule-in-the-northeast/

https://beegeagle.wordpress.com/2014/03/09/construction-site-of-a-new-multimillion-dollar-hangar-for-the-nigerian-air-force-somewhere-in-n-e-nigeria-feb-march-2014-props-dr-fola/

https://beegeagle.wordpress.com/2014/03/25/freshly-completed-hangar-at-the-benin-airbase-of-the-nigerian-air-forces-81-amg-world-exclusive-photo/

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COUNTERINSURGENCY AND ANTI-POACHING OPERATIONS : GASHAKA-GUMTI PARK RANGERS GET ARMS AS NIGERIA’S NATIONAL PARK SERVICE BECOMES A PARAMILITARY OUTFIT

Colonel (rtd) Sambo Dasuki, Nigeria’s National Security Adviser

PHOTO CREDIT: VANGUARD NEWSPAPERS

DAILY TRUST
16 April, 2014
Jalingo

About a year ago, President Goodluck
Jonathan approved the classification of the National Park Service as a
paramilitary organisation in order to
ensure adequate security at the parks.

The park rangers have, over the years,
faced daunting challenges of combating unwholesome activities of poachers, militias, intruders and herdsmen who often trespass into parks to wreck havoc.

Some of the park rangers have been reportedly killed and others grievously injured in the course of warding off the intruders who are, most of the times, armed with sophisticated weapons. Lives of park rangers are often in jeopardy in the cause of their duties as they would usually go on surveillance through the park unarmed, thereby making them susceptible prey to their enemies-poachers and intruders.

Hence, determined to combat the
activities of poachers and intruders at
the nation’s national parks and games reserves, management of Gashaka Gumti National Park in Taraba State, recently,trained its park rangers on paramilitary regimentation to enable them handle
arms and light weapons. A total of 149 park rangers were taken through intensive paramilitary drills and
training at the 20 Mechanized Battalion of the Nigerian Army, Serti-Gashaka, Taraba State for two weeks.

Speaking during their graduation,
Conservator General of National Park
Service,Alhaji Haruna Tanko Abubakar,
said the training was in tandem with the new status of the service which makes it imperative for officers and men to imbibe paramilitary spirit and
regimentation for efficient discharge of their functions.

He said: “In the last two weeks, the
participants were exposed to basic drills,endurance,obstacle crossing and
handling of light weapons. As a matter of fact, the sterling performance exhibited by the rangers in their parade this morning justifies the investment in this training.”

He urged the newly trained park rangers not to see their training as a license to intimidate innocent Nigerians, adding that they must be civil, courteous and humble in the discharge of their duties.He reminded them that their duty is to serve the people.

Buttressing on the essence of enhancing a sustainable environment,
Alhaji Abubakar said: “Unless we take
pragmatic approach to ensure
sustainable environmental management, peace and tranquility will continue to elude us. Environment being the greatest endowment to humankind must be adequately conserved and protected for
sustainable livelihood. We must
understand that everyone has a role to play in making our environment safe”.

Also commenting on the training,
Conservator of Gashaka Gumti National Park, Dr O.A. Okeyoyin, said the training had impacted the trainees with the needed skills aimed at meeting the vision of National Park system which entails preservation and protection of Nigeria’s natural heritage and cultural relics.

Dr Okeyoyin, however,warned: “To you
officers and men of Gashaka Gumti
National Park that are passing out today,I want to challenge you to make the best use of this training in effective protection and management of the resources of the park. Let it not be heard of any of you conniving with poachers and other intruders to perpetuate illegal activities in the park.”

He urged them to collaborate with the men of the Nigerian Army to put an end to wildlife trophies trafficking along the highways, stressing that they must contribute their quota to the development of National Park Service.

Gashaka Gumti National Park and its
potential

Gashaka Gumti National Park is located in the remote mountainous region of north-eastern Nigeria, between the boundaries of Adamawa and Taraba states. Ecologically, the park is situated in the sub-sahara Guinea Savannah Zone of Africa, in the sub-tropical zone of the south-eastern highlands of the Savannah
area of Nigeria, south of the Benue River.

The park is the main watershed/
catchment area of the Taraba River, the major tributary of Benue River. It also shares international boundary with Republic of Cameroun, adjacent to Faro National Park in that country.

The Park lies within an estimated landmass of 6,731 square kilometres of undulating terrain and deep rolling valleys. It is administratively divided into Gumti Sector in the north (Adamawa State) and Gashaka Sector in the South (Taraba).

Gashaka Gumti is among the seven national parks in Nigeria. It is the largest, most scenic and biologically
diverse conservation enclave. There are few conservation enclaves in the world that can boast of such unique, spectacular and diverse scene ties as this vast and relatively unspoiled enclave. The park encompasses savannah, forests, wetlands and montane habitats in a continuous ecological transition.

Gashaka Gumti is a potential extension to a wildlife corridor system moving in a north-easterly direction to Faro, Benoue and Bounandjida National Parks in
Cameroun. Gashaka Gumti Park is a home to wide range of fauna and flora you can ever imagine.

The sheer variety of different habitats within the park makes the area
uniquely rich in wildlife. Each habitat
type supports its own distinctive community of plants (over 1,000
different species recorded) and animals (about 102 mammal’s species so far recorded).

Rain forest provides home for animals
such as giant-forest hog, leopard, yellow backed duiker, golden cat and different primates. Woodland Savannah is home to buffalo, lion, elephant, and wild dog. This is in addition to various antelopes such as waterbuck, roan antelope,giant eland,
kob and hartebeest, amongst others.

The park’s mountain harbours population of rare endemic species; scientists have discovered new species of Acanthaeceae, a red flowering shrub of the genus
metarungia whose nearest relatives are found in East African Montane Forests. Other attractive animals found in Gashaka Gumti Park include the rare Adamawa Mountain Reedbuck, black and white colobus monkey, oribi and Klipspringer.

The rivers contain hippos, crocodiles,
otters and wide varieties of fishes (over 60 species) and various aquatic and amphibious lives. The park’s ecosystem are still rich in birdlife (over 477 species so far recorded and butterflies (300 species out of which 5 species are new to science).

The park experiences varying but
pleasant weather conditions depending on specific locations, these micro-climatic condition range from dry-humid, tropical moist-humid in the low lands, to sub-temperate climate on the plateaux. Rainfall in the northern part of the Park is around 1,200mm and 3,000mmin the
south at higher altitudes.

Gashaka Gumti’s biggest attraction is the unique opportunity to observe chimpanzees undisturbed in their natural habitat mainly at Kwano Forest,Lianga Mountain, Gumti area and Chappal Wade.

The convenient time for park-viewing or holidaying is from late December to April. This period, it was learnt, is when visitors may be able to see a lot of wildlife species, varied picturesque scene rise, different vegetation types and pursue a combination of eco-tourism and recreational activities as well as educational trips.

Gashaka Gumti is, arguably, a wild world of wonders, especially for those who love adventures and have eyes for aesthetics.

BACKGROUNDER

http://www.beegeagle.wordpress.com/2014/03/04/2500-nigerian-national-park-rangers-to-be-trained-by-the-military-on-weapons-handling-to-checkmate-boko-haram-150-rangers-already-trained/

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BOKO HARAM USING SAND-AND-OIL COATING ON OPERATIONAL VEHICLES TO EVADE DETECTION BY NIGERIAN AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT

Upgraded Alpha Jet aircraft - NAF 452 and NAF 455..set to depart for AFISMA operations

Upgraded Alpha Jet aircraft – NAF 452 and NAF 455

NIGERIAN TRIBUNE
23 April, 2013

Troops fighting insurgents in the northeastern part of the country have
uncovered a trick of members of the
Boko Haram group, which they use to
disguise, with their vehicles unable to be detected from the air.

Top security sources disclosed to the
Nigerian Tribune authoritatively that the insurgent group made use of used oil and sand to coat the body of the vehicles which they used in their attack. According to the source, this made them invisible in the air during bombings by the Nigerian Air Force.The sources disclosed that the essence of the gimmick was to make the Boko Haram vehicles invisible from the air, as they would look like ordinary ground.

The sources disclosed that this was one of the major problems being faced by the Air Force during their operations as these vehicles could not be picked(spotted) from the air.

However, the lid was blown open by one of the Boko Haram suspects who was involved in the local technology and during investigations, he confessed that the method was used to disguise as the Air Force planes flew over their areas. The suspect said with the trick, the group had been able to survive a number of bombings from the Air Force.

The top security source revealed that the method was uncovered when a large number of the Boko Haram vehicles were captured and were found to be coated with the used-oil and sand.

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HOW BOKO HARAM RECRUIT NIGERIEN NATIONALS FOR US$3,085 PER YOUTH

NIGERIAN TRIBUNE
23 April, 2014

YOUNG Nigeriens at the border town of Nigeria and Niger Republic, Diffa, have confessed to be recruits of the Islamist militant group, Boko Haram.A member of a gang in Niger told the
British Broadcasting Corporation(BBC)
that Boko Haram Islamist militants from Nigeria “regularly come across the border, looking for recruits.”

The gang members, in their 20s, said
they were paid $3,085 (about N500,000)to join the insurgency and since they were jobless,they were willing to take the cash, but with no interest in
protecting Sharia law. However, they said they were willing to strike if given the assignment to do so,as they blamed their decision to join the
militant group on their joblessness.

“They have paid Nigerian naira ($3,085,£1,835) to those of us who followed them over there,” one of the young men said. “When they come,we inform them about what’s going on, what the security forces are up to.“We have no jobs; some of us are still at high school, but we need money.
Violence has become a form of work for us.”

These confessions were revealed in a
documentary published by the BBC, on
Tuesday, after Thomas Fessy, a BBC
reporter visited Diffa region in Niger
Republic. BBC made contacts with this local gang, who claimed they collaborated with Boko Haram and agreed.

According to BBC documentary, five of
these young Nigeriens said they had
already joined the militant Boko Haram sect,while two other members were killed in operations. In total there are about a dozen gang members in a tiny, dark room, built with local mud-bricks.

When the reporter asked them: “If you are asked to launch an attack here, will you be ready to do that?” Their response: “Yes, we are ready.We
have no job, so, we are ready. That is
what we are here for.” When the BBC reporter asked if they agreed with Boko Haram’s reason for fighting, they answered in unison: “No. We only do it for the money.”

Arriving one by one to meet the BBC crew earlier on a street corner in Diffa,they all wore skinny jeans, bright coloured T-shirts and shiny chains, like those seen around the necks of American rappers on music videos. Their attitude and brand new clothes
made them stand out when they walked down the dusty streets of Diffa. The fashion style is clearly inspired by Western consumerism rather than Islamist militancy.

“We break into houses for cash;
sometimes we beat people for money, we steal their animals so we can eat and then we gather up and take Tramol (an opiate drug), smoke ganja (marijuana) and drink alcohol,” one of the gang members said.

The BBC reporter, giving an account of his experience at the border town, said: “At the Sahara, there is little space to take for cover from the storm at the village, as the first attack by Boko Haram by its militants meant deadly worst times for them to live in the border and the river between Niger and Nigeria.” He said on either side of the border,people had enjoyed strong links for centuries, sharing ethnicity and culture.

The report said Nigeria’s neighbouring countries, Niger, Cameroon and Chad,were fearful that the group’s insurgency might spill over to their borders. A resident told the BBC that the area was just three kilometres away from Nigeria,expressing his belief that the border
would keep them safe for now.

On Lake Chad, according to the
documentary, Nigerians were fleeing by boats, as the reporter quoting from a United Nations (UN) report, said the UN estimates that 500 people crossed into Niger from Nigeria every week.

One of the refugees, Mutala Suleiman, who arrived last month with his two wives and six children, narrating his story, said: “We were almost going to
bed that night when we heard the
gunshot.” We ran to escape. A little girl was shot as she fled the burning house.” He said he counted 50 dead people on the streets during the last attack.

The Diffa area, according to the BBC reporter,was suffering from growing refugee crisis without camps and the authorities argued they could become new targets or worse, recruitment centres for Boko Haram. He stated in the documentary that “Boko Haram insurgents have shown they can hit the Nigerian state in different ways.
While raiding villages, attacking schools and abducting children. To check against possible attack, the
threat, according to the report, means
daily patrol across the borders and
several attacks have been foiled over the last months, while dozens of men
suspected to be linked with Boko Haram had been arrested.

“We know that Boko Haram members
come across the border, but we are
watching them closely,” Diffa
government representative Inoussa
Saouna said. “Just last December, we arrested two dozens of men — we believe they were planning to kidnap the regional governor, the military zone commander and myself,” he added.

Military police, customs officers, as well as national guards conduct daily patrols along the porous border to mitigate the threat.

The border town

On paper, the border is supposed to be secured by joint patrols with soldiers from both countries.However, they are yet to start. Niger’s security forces are receiving training, logistics and intelligence support from both the United States and France.

Most of the border between Niger and
Nigeria is naturally drawn by the
Komadougou Yobe River. On either side of it, people have enjoyed strong links for centuries, sharing ethnicity, culture and living off the cross-border trade.

At the Bosso border point,many people cross on foot through water knee-high as the river is at its lowest level in the hottest month of the year. It allows motorbikes and cars to drive
through easily too. Most cars showing Nigerian number plates come from Borno State bearing the slogan “Home of peace”.

The UN refugee agency said more than 50,000 people had now crossed into Niger, fleeing the relentless violence. The many lake islands are now home to thousands and a lot of people, like Mourtalla Souleymane, have made it to the trading post of Krikri on Niger’s shore.

But how many more people can one of
the poorest countries in the world take in? Borno State has a population of five million 10 times more than Niger’s Diffa region. The UN refugee agency said it would try to build new homes and expand existing neighbourhoods rather than setting up camps.

In a report published this month, the
Brussels-based think-tank International Crisis Group noted that Boko Haram has “resorted to forced conscription and recruiting criminals and thugs, paying them for attacks.”

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STATE OF EMERGENCY LIKELY TO BE RENEWED IN 3 CONFLICT-AFFECTED NIGERIAN STATES

Nigerian troops keep watch over suspected Boko Haram terrorists captured in the wake of a gun battle in the Lake Chad border districts.

PHOTO CREDIT: NIGERIAN TRIBUNE

NIGERIAN TRIBUNE
23 April, 2014

(….)There are strong indications that the state of emergency in the three northeastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe which ended last Saturday may be extended by another three months, after the meeting of all state governors today.

According to a top military source, the
extension would afford the troops the
opportunity to mop up all their
operations in the area. The sources disclosed that if the state of
emergency was not extended, the
country would be back to the dark days when the terrorists held sway in those areas of the country.

The source added that the military had already started pushing for the extension of the state of emergency, which was their presentation at their last security meeting. The extension, the source revealed, would afford the military the opportunity to consolidate on the gains made so far
and end the insurgency in the country.

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FEAR OF BOKO HARAM RECRUITMENT IN CAMEROON; TRAINING BASE IN THE MOUNTAINS IN NIGERIA INDICATED

Cameroon and Nigeria: inexorably linked NEXTDOOR neighbours

Cameroon and Nigeria: inextricably linked NEXTDOOR neighbours

MAROUA, 16 April 2014 (IRIN)

Nigeria’s extremist Islamist group Boko Haram are believed to be actively recruiting fighters across the border in Cameroon’s Far North
Region, according to residents and local government officials.

More than 100 suspected Boko Haram fighters and preachers (the latter presumed to have links with the group),have been arrested in Far North Region since 2012, but many have been released due to lack of evidence, according to a local security official.

“There are many Muslim brothers coming from Nigeria with the aim of preaching to the youths. The government has warned against this practice,but they still reach out to the young people because they make them promises and give them money,” said Ibrahim Haman, an Islamic preacher and elder in Mora District in the Far North.

Residents of Mayo-Sava area in Far North Region say that unidentified preachers are secretly reaching out to youths in their locality. Haman pointed out that some youths have managed to escape the sect after being recruited, but many others have not returned.

“Boko Haram is considered here as just another religious group, and it is not difficult to be a member if you want to. Young people from here have been induced into joining Boko Haram,” he said.

Military training

Seventeen-year-old Mustapha* recounted to IRIN how he was brought back home to Cameroon blindfolded after failing to cope with the insurgents’ military training. He had been taken to Nigeria by a preacher.

“I was the youngest among eight other boys who told me they came from the towns of Banki, Kolofata and Ngeshawa[in Cameroon] and Maiduguri [in Nigeria]. Before I was taken,they told my father that I would come back rich and a great Muslim, so he allowed me to go. We were reading the Koran and they would preach to us about fighting for the Muslim faith,” said Mustapha.

“I went for my second military training in the mountains, but suffered many injuries and I was bedridden for one month,” he said, explaining that he was brought back as his injuries ruled him unfit for combat.

A government official in Mora District, however, said that it is difficult to ascertain that Boko Haram is recruiting from Cameroonian border villages. There are similar ethnic communities in Cameroon’s Far North and northeastern Nigeria who have family on either side of the border, speak the same language and share a common culture, making undetected cross-border movement easy.

“We don’t really have enough evidence to say clearly that Boko Haram recruits Cameroonians, but what is clear is that those fighting with them are from the border regions and can claim the nationality of either country whenever it suits them,” said the official on condition of anonymity.

But a Mora resident who gave his name only as Daibu said that his brother disappeared in 2012 soon after joining a local Koranic school.“He just left and never came back. We heard from people that he had joined Boko Haram.”

Widening threat

The threat of Boko Haram is widespread in Cameroonian villages bordering northeastern Nigeria. A Nigerian military offensive launched in May 2013 pushed back the Islamists from major towns in the country’s northeast to remote areas. But attacks by the insurgents have since become more deadly and frequent.

There are suspicions that Boko Haram is also recruiting from neighbouring Niger. Some observers have also linked the group with Islamist insurgents who seized Mali’s north after the March 2012 overthrow of the government in Bamako.

Insecurity in Cameroon’s Far North
Region caused by Boko Haram has crippled trade between the region and northeastern Nigeria. Yaoundé
authorities have bolstered security, but infiltration and kidnappings by gunmen suspected to be linked to the radical Islamists have not stopped.

In the third kidnapping of foreigners here since early 2013, suspected Boko Haram fighters earlier this month seized two Italian priests and a Canadian nun.

“Boko Haram had sent a letter to villages with warnings that all beer parlours should stop the sale of alcohol in Mora,Banki and other localities along the border. We can’t identify them but we just know that they are among us or have informants here,” said Mercel Kenfor, a trader in Mora.

The Mora government official told IRIN:“Boko Haram has often sent warnings to the communities. We have issued a curfew from 6pm to 6am that covers all communities in Mora District. We also forbid motorbike traffic at night because we discovered that Boko Haram use
motorbikes to commit crimes.”

There are military patrols as well, said the official, “but the military needs to be given the right weapons and capacity to fight Boko Haram that has [more lethal] weapons like rocket launchers and grenades.”

“We strongly believe that Boko Haram has elements in Cameroon and the authorities are doing everything possible to track them down. The manoeuvres they make in Cameroon territory is
evidence that these groups have a good mastery of the terrain and the armed men could include local Cameroonians and those from neighbouring countries,” said Emmanuel Bob-Iga, head of the
police division at the Far North
governor’s office.

Military commander Beaufils Mana said Boko Haram incursions are being abetted by some local residents. “It is obvious that Boko Haram uses some Cameroonians. This is because an intruder cannot enter your territory when he has no idea of the area. Boko Haram must be colluding with Cameroonians to be able to move around easily.”

*Not a real name

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EXERCISE OBANGAME 2014: “NIGERIAN NAVY SPECIAL FORCES WELL TRAINED, WELL EQUIPPED” – GERMAN NAVAL OFFICER ; SAYS POSSESS SKILLS SET UNAVAILABLE TO OTHER PARTICIPATING REGIONAL NAVIES

LAGOS, Nigeria (April 15, 2014) – U.S. and German service members discuss room-clearing tactics with Nigerian sailors (Special Boat Service commandos) during tactical moments drill at exercise Obangame Express 2014 (OE-14).

OE-14 is a Gulf of Guinea-based multinational maritime exercise designed to improve cooperation, interdiction expertise and information sharing among West and
Central African maritime forces in order to increase maritime safety and security in the region.

(U.S. Navy Photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman
Weston Jones/Released)

DEUTSCHE WELLE
Date 18.04.2014

Author Alexander Drechsel, Adrian Kriesch /jrb

Editor Sean Sinico

excerpts

A German officer whose name can’t be disclosed observes the scene. After 10 days of joint training, his initial doubts have largely disappeared.

Not only are the Nigerian boarding soldiers well trained, but Nigerian members of the Special Boat Service (SBS) are also well equipped. “Their boats, for instance, are powered by
250-PS motors,” he said. In these rubber dinghies, the SBS team members chase suspicious vessels in pursuit of oil thieves or pirates.

“This isn’t fun when it’s real,” one member of the SBS team said. The unit with about 200 soldiers is among the Nigerian (military)’s special forces.In the six years of its existence, the soldiers have boarded and
searched numerous boats.

Grateful for support

Other maritime units still lack this
experience, on the other hand, and are grateful for the practical support provided by German and the US teams. “Everything is fine; we came without anything but were equipped so that we can now search ships,” said one soldier from Ghana.

A colleague from Nigeria added: “We
have come together here to share
experiences – I really appreciate it.”

FURTHER READING

http://www.dw.de/germany-participates-in-west-african-naval-exercises/a-17577610

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U.S MARINES, SAILORS TO CONDUCT TRAINING IN NIGERIA

JACKSONVILLE DAILY NEWS
16 April, 2014
By SP-MAGTF Africa 14
NAVAL AIR STATION
SIGONELLA, Italy

Approximately 20 Marines and sailors
from Special-Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force Africa 14 will travel in April to Nigeria to conduct a theater security cooperation mission designed to improve the military capacity of our African partners and better enable them to prevent conflict and increase regional security.

The American service members will train and advise the Nigerian Army in its upcoming mission. The training will consist of maritime security, small craft operations, combat lifesaving skills, patrolling techniques with boats and orders and mission planning.

Special-Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force Africa 14 is a rotation of Marines and sailors deployed to Naval Air Station Sigonella, Italy, to stage and prepare for theater security cooperation missions into various countries in Africa.

This iteration is manned by Marines and sailors from 3rd Battalion, 8th Marine Regiment, permanently based out of Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, N.C.

The Marine Air-Ground Task Force(MAGTF) is the Marine Corps’ principle
organization for the conduct of all
missions across the range of military
operations. MAGTFs are balanced,
combined-arms forces with organic ground, aviation and sustainment
elements.

Special-purpose MAGTFs are organized, trained and equipped to
accomplish a specific mission for which one of the three standard MAGTF types would be inappropriate or too large to employ.

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