NIGERIA:AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY BEGIN WORK ON BOMB-DEFUSING ROBOT, ATTRACT FOREIGN INTEREST IN MADE-IN-NIGERIA AMEBO UAV(THIRD PROTOTYPE READY)..BRAZILIAN AIR FORCE INSTITUTE TO PARTNER NIGERIAN AIR FORCE

At the AIR EXPO 2010: AMEBO-1,a drone manufactured by the Nigerian Air Force Institute of Technology

At the AIR EXPO 2010: AMEBO-1,a drone manufactured by the Nigerian Air Force Institute of Technology

DAILY PUNCH
JULY 24, 2012,
KADUNA

Nigerian Air Force said in Kaduna on Monday it had commenced the process of developing a robot capable of defusing high calibre bomb even from afar.

The Commandant of the Nigerian Air Force Institute of Technology, Kaduna, Air Vice Marshal John Oshoniyi, who stated this at a news conference as part of activities marking the institution’s 41st graduation, also said the school had developed an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle for surveillance and intelligence gathering in crisis-prone parts of the country.

Oshoniyi said the bomb defusing robot would help check the spate of bombings across the country. According to him, the robot is operated by
remote control. He said, “We all know that human beings have always gone to defuse bombs and in view of the danger involved, anything can happen. Its because of this that we decided embark on research and the development of the bomb detonation robot. When we get to the time when we feel the public should know, we will show you (public).”

On the UAV codenamed, Amebo which, he claimed to be the first on the continent, the Commandant said the development of the vehicle was borne out of the transformation agenda of the Goodluck Jonathan administration.

Oshoniyi said, “We do believe that Nigeria is capable of attaining higher pedestal in military aviation and defence-related technology. “Accordingly, in tandem with Mr. President’s transformation agenda, AFIT has for the past few years been focusing on defence-related research and development activities as part of its contributions to the realisation of Mr. President’s vision.” He said the UAV would be employed in aerial surveillance to check the activities of pipeline vandals and other related crimes.

He said, “It is pertinent to note that following the successful launch of Amebo II last year, a modified and much improved version of the codenamed Amebo III was produced and exhibited during the Air Expo 2012 organised by the Nigerian Air Force.
This latest version is awaiting test flight.

“In furtherance recognition of our research efforts, the institute has been attracting interest from overseas companies who are seeking to collaborate in the area of UAV development.

“The Brazilian Air Force has given approval for its equivalent of AFIT to collaborate with us,especially in the areas of research ideas and staff development. All these collaborative efforts are geared towards repositioning the Nigerian Air Force for sustained employment of airpower.

“Some state governments have indicated their interest in partnering with the institute towards manpower development for the respective states.” The AFIT boss, however, noted that the research activities being undertaken by the institute come with huge financial implication which had over the years borne out by the Nigerian Air Force alone with its limited resources.

The Air Force Chief then appealed to the president to give his assent to the AFIT Establishment Bill that had since been passed by the last National Assembly to enable the institute to fully operate, pointing out that the AFIT Establishment Act , when passed, would open the institute to greater recognition and funding.

“With adequate funding and political support, we could, for instance develop better operational Unmanned Aerial Vehicle that will find use in pipeline and other powerline monitoring and aerial surveillance; this will ultimately reduce incidents of vandalisation and sabotage thereby enhancing our economic wellbeing.

“The UAV could also be used to enhance internal security through the provision of real time information when effectively deployed in crisis-prone areas,” he added.

A total of 158 students, comprising of personnel of the Nigerian Army, Nigerian Navy and the Nigerian Air Force as well as civilians would graduate from the MSc,PGD, HND and ND programmes of the institute, according to the Command.

About beegeagle

BEEG EAGLE -perspectives of an opinionated Nigerian male with a keen interest in Geopolitics, Defence and Strategic Studies
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46 Responses to NIGERIA:AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY BEGIN WORK ON BOMB-DEFUSING ROBOT, ATTRACT FOREIGN INTEREST IN MADE-IN-NIGERIA AMEBO UAV(THIRD PROTOTYPE READY)..BRAZILIAN AIR FORCE INSTITUTE TO PARTNER NIGERIAN AIR FORCE

  1. johnbest1 says:

    This is great,i wish the bill would be passed,maybe the airforce would then be empowered and well funded enough to start designing jet engines and fighter jets,and oneday produce all our fighter jets incountry which would be a lot cheaper than procuring from outside sources

  2. gbash10 says:

    That is a very good start for the NAF AFIT,hmmm…the 3rd Amebo III prototype!
    We are good to go then.

  3. Henry says:

    This is good, AMEBO111 ( very catchy and funny name, still the most apprioprate name for the drone) nice. The public got the opportunity to see the 2nd installement but our media, didn’t feel there was any need to capture and show the public. This though is not the first made in africa drone, the south africans already have drones, made by their local defence industry in service. Their drones have already seen action in iraq. This still is a massive boost for our local defence industry and the aspiration to be self sufficient. My prayer is that the army is successful with her missile testing in Epe, and hopefuly surpass her range of 70km. Our yardstick for growth should be the south african defence industry. I hope mr presidents assents the act and makes it a law. The navy has given us a seaward defence boat, with another to be commissioned next year, the army an armored personnel carrier ( we still have the ekiti brothers and their own APC) local manufacturing of bullet proof vest, NVGs, mortars, and now the airforce with drones. I’m optimistic that things can only get better, after all, 20years ago the chinese where at this same point. Kudo’s to all working to make these projects a success.

  4. Deway says:

    I’m really glad seeing and hearing all these. I just hope they are properl, adequately and continually funded and successive governments and defence chiefs continue the vision.

  5. jimmy says:

    Thee key word is ADEQUATE FUNDING

    • doziex says:

      100% CO-SIGN !!!

      Nigerians have always been uniquely hardworking and talented individuals. We have just failed woefully at the macro organizational level.

      The day we figure out how to balance the individual greed vs the common good, the sky is the limit for naija.

      Take the average smart hard working nigerian, out of the nigerian context and plug him/her into the functional systems seen in germany, uk, the US, and POOF !! they are gone. They excel to the highest echelons of achievement in these societies.

      So,all we need do is to show the humility and foresight needed to learn from, and copy institutional structures and modus operandi from the aforementioned nations among others.

      NO NEED TO REINVENT THE WHEEL.

  6. beegeagle says:

    We have taken a bold leap forward since 2011, gentlemen. So let us have a recap:

    Military-Security Alignment

    * 4 satellites in orbit wef 2003
    (two of three launched in 2011- NigeriaSatX and NIGCOMSAT-1R possess military applications)

    * 100 military personnel trained to operate surveillance satellite

    PROTOTYPES

    * $500m Aerostar/Seastar UAV and USV systems, eleven coastal radar stations, DA42 MPP turboprops, Beechcraft King Air 350 MPA and Alenia ATR42-500 MPA Surveyor planes

    * Army-owned mini-UAVs

    PROTOTYPES

    * Medium range rockets(70km)
    * Amebo-III UAV(NAF)
    * Bomb-defusing robot(NAF)
    * UAV(Army)
    * 81mm mortar
    * Target Acquisition Machine(NA)

    PRODUCTION

    * 31 metre Seaward Defence Boat
    * Igirigi APC
    * Flak jackets
    * Night Vision Goggles
    * OBJ rifles

    What have I left out? These gains must be sustained.

    • jimmy says:

      Please let us in inform the NA, NN, and the NAF that the original designs for these Prototypes must be Legally TRADEMARKED as MADE IN NIGERIA and ALSO registered WITH S.O.N.This is to avoid FRIVIOLOUS/copycat lawsuits in the future.

  7. jimmy says:

    I have been following this Blog for some time now. I find it to be a gathering of serious minds to celebrate Nigeria. Its uplifting and to the general I say more greese to your elbow. Greetings from Vienna

  8. beegeagle says:

    You are welcome, brother. Please so us a massive favour – we have a Jimmy on board. To avoid confusion, can you choose a different screen name?

    Thanks a million.

    • Jk says:

      Ok general, I ‘ve always enjoyed the contributions of Jimmy on this blog. I will be changing mine to “JK”, how about that? By the way I just sent you some pics of some made in Naija hardwares on your email. Whats your take?

  9. beegeagle says:

    JK is a good one and it has been approved. Remember to use the same name and email address each time lest your comments hit a firewall.

    Welcome. It looks like an auspicious start already

  10. Henry says:

    OGA jk( that’s the title we address ourselves with), welcome to beegeagle.blog. We are patriots here. we say it the way it is, with hope and optimizing that things would go well (infact they are). Welcome man.

  11. Spirit says:

    Oga JK,
    The Spirit salutes you.

    Just like OGA Henry , we are all patriots on this blog. We love Nigeria die and we are passionate about our Armed Forces. We learn from each other and we share information freely. Even when we disagree, we do so politely, and mistakes are corrected tactfully.
    We are eager to have your contribution.
    Shoulder to shoulder, we will stand up for our country.
    Step after little step, we will drag it forward.
    Wellcome bro.

  12. Spirit says:

    Fellow patriots,

    The whole world was surprised that NNS Aradu could even leave the dock how much less sail to UK for the 200years anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar. Not only did she make it, but she won laurels at the anniversary. Lest they call it a “fluke”, she paid homage to Neptune as she crossed the Equator on another trip to Brazil .This is a ship hat most analyst/websites listed as ” unserviceable”. It didn’t even feature on NN Orbat. Shortly afterwards NN started building NNS Andoni.

    The Air Force quickly swung into action and produced “Amebo-1” from the workshop of AFIT.

    I can imagine how the CAS must have felt when he heard what the “younger arms” of the military were up to. It must have caused a lot of “brass hats” a lot of sleepless nights! The sleepless night eventually gave birth to “IGIRIGI”.

    Fellow patriots, this is one “cold war” I want to see escalating! I don’t want to see any “peace treaty” amongst them. I don’t know about you guys, but I’m enjoying this “war”.

    General Beeg, you forgot to mention that the NA now has a “Situation Room” where commanders can receive “on line real time voice,data and videos feeds of events as they happen on the battlefield”. This means commanders at the NAHQ can give direct orders to individual soldiers and “see and ear” what the soldiers sees. That is a kind of situational awareness that we only see in movies and read in Tom Clancy’s novels.

    AVM John Oshoniyi’s statement today will definitely not go “unpunished”. Don’t be surprised if the NA and NN ” retaliates disproportionately”.

    We are living in “interesting times” indeed.

  13. Henry says:

    To add to what you just said @OGA spirit, when we list the achievements of the navy, we often times forget that, that ARADU was sent to it’s original makers for repairs in germany, I believe it’s a german built frigate( not quite sure) and it couldn’t be repaired. It is at that same naval dockyard in lagos, that the unservicable, dead ship was brought back to life. As you quite rightly said, sailed to brazil. We as a country do not lack the human reasources or the capacity manufacture anything want. 4 months back at nigerdock nigerian engineers handed over an oil rig, designed and built by nigerians to mobil oil company, in 2011 shell awarded a 1.1billion usd contract to a nestoil and indigenous oil firm, for the construction/ fabrication of oil pipelines in bayelsa state. It is simply the synergy (individually nigerians are brilliant, coleectively it is a different matter), if we can build the synergy to work together and with the right political environment and government sincerity, we would be the next BRAZIL. P.S, despite all our problems we are ranked as the 30th largest economy in the world. With a GDP of about 392billion usd.

  14. doziex says:

    Hey JK, welcome on board. Ah ! 2 jimmy’s on this blog would have been overwhelming O. We are still struggling to handle the brilliance of one Jimmy. So, Jimmy squared would have been unfair. (LOL)

    Looking forward to your perspective and insights bro.

  15. giles says:

    gud mornin,sir beeg i want to ask pls for explaination about (epe rocket project) is it for the university or military

  16. gbash10 says:

    Mr JK,you are welcome to this special ‘Nigerian Blog’,the domain of “Great Patriot”!

  17. gbash10 says:

    Waooo!@Spirit,if the NAHQ,has a “Situation Awareness Room” or “Crisis Room” it now means,the NA is gradually becoming a 21st Century Army.
    The NAF and NN should also follow the path of the NA.Please some body once mention on this blog that our inferior F-7NI Fighter has modern avionics,now my question is,does the F-7NI has a secured satellite communication link(for video,data and audio transmission to Operation Control) as it is being carried by modern fighter jets?
    The time has come for NAF to use their Nigerian ingeniuty to bring our 18 Sepecat Jaguar jets back to operational duties !this is a battle that must be won by the NAF,to be spear-headed by the NAF’s Engineers and Technicians,complacency is not an option.
    “VICTORY FROM THE WINGS”.

  18. beegeagle says:

    Yeah, the DHQ have had that since the time of ACM Paul Dike as Chief of Defence Staff. They are networked with the various units at home and PSOs abroad such as UNMIL and UNAMID.

    DHQ are able to have video conferencing sessions with unit commanders at home and abroad.

    I posted a photo of the Navy’s OPS room here sometime last year

  19. beegeagle says:

    NIGERIAN NAVY OPS ROOM
    (Integrated Video and Audio Conferencing – installed by Davoize Networks Nigeria Ltd)

  20. ProfAfrica says:

    General JK, please I don’t know if I can still get those hardware pictures ie. amebo & others on my email; blissfulemma@yahoo.com

  21. gbash10 says:

    @Gen Beeg,thanks for the NN OPS Room,I am really enjoying all these stuff.

  22. makanaky says:

    Why is the Nigerian Navy so far ahead of the NA and NAF in terms of ingenuity,progress and determination to excel. Please somebody should give me an insight into why ?

  23. profafrica says:

    @giles. I think is a project of the center for space transport & prepulsion (CSTP), epe, under the auspices of NASRDA.

  24. profafrica says:

    @JK. Thanks for d pics. you sent me; I love them all. I really appreciate.

  25. profafrica says:

    JK. Thanks for d pics. you sent me; I love them all. I really appreciate.

  26. profafrica says:

    Nigeria gov. should also invest in radir satellite dat can detect any bomb in any part of d country & also detect any aerial vehicle i.e stealth or non-stealth in d continent or more.

  27. leirbag says:

    ROLE OF VERTICAL TAKE OFF AND LANDING UNMANNED AERIAL VERHICLE IN COUNTER INSURGENCY MISSIONS/OPERATIONS
    Avoiding all risk to human life or manned search aircraft operating in hostile territory, poor weather or hazardous environments, UAVs fitted with sensors can be used to safely perform the Search-Locate-Identify elements of importance in a missions. The questions regarding employment of UAVs are not so much about if they should be developed but how to integrate them into military doctrine and organization. Accordingly, UAV manufacturers have made a concerted effort to develop UAVs and sensor technologies with a particular emphasis on intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) applications thus UAVs in concert with manned assets addresses several ISR needs of the military more especially when it concerns counter insugency.

    With advanced technology, UAV’s are now being so designed so as to carry payloads for varied purposes and missions, such as for surveillance (TV cameras, Infra Red (IR) Imagers, sensors) or equipment for electronic counter measures (radar jammers, flares or chaff). A number of countries are today engaged in UAV development projects, prominent amongst these being UK, USA, France and Israel. It has been stated that the UAVs will be able to take on a number of missions and assignments, which are currently being performed by manned aircraft. As tactical aircraft are too few and too expensive to launch for random searches for targets in a battle area, manned reconnaissance (recce) in particular is being reduced in emphasis in favour of UAVs, which are cheaper. The comparative cost of a lost UAV vis-à-vis a manned aircraft with a trained pilot. UAVs can provide close recce of troops deployed in depth which would otherwise have to be undertaken by manned helicopters or fighter aircraft, perform spotting functions insurgent hideouts and subsequent destruction by land forces.

    In an age of shrinking defence budgets, expensive manned aircraft and high cost of aircrew training most of the modern armed forces around the world are realising the need to employ UAVs for missions in the dense hostile environment. Missions which were considered extremely dangerous and yet important can now be undertaken by UAVs with relative impunity. Owing to their small radar, IR signature and the ability to spoof the enemy, UAVs can give vital real time data about the enemy to commanders on the ground.

    UAV SENSOR SYSTEMS

    The sensor systems are required for the various modes of reconnaissance which can be carried out by the UAV. The various modes of reconnaissance are:-

    (a) Photographic Reconnaissance . The main sensor for photographic reconnaissance is the camera. The various types of camera systems for photographic reconnaissance are:-
    (i) Vertical Photograph Cameras.
    (ii) Oblique Photograph Cameras.
    (iii) Pin point Photograph Cameras.
    (iv) Split Vertical Photograph Cameras.
    (v) Multi-Camera Fan.
    (vi) Panoramic.
    (vii) Long Range Oblique Photography and Long Range Aerial Photography.
    (viii) IR Camera.
    (b) Infra- red Reconnaissance . The infra-red spectrum is used in reconnaissance in two distinct forms. The reflective portion of the infra-red is made use of in infra-red photography. The emissive portion of the infra-red is used in reconnaissance with the aid of appropriate sensors by a process called thermal imaging. This mode of reconnaissance uses emissive infra-red radiations and employs thermal detectors that transform infra-red radiation into detectable electrical signals. The output electrical voltage is recorded either on a magnetic tape for digital analysis by computer or on a film. The main types of infra-red reconnaissance systems which can be used by the UAV are:-
    (i) Infra-red Line Scan.
    (ii) Forward Looking Infra-Red (FLIR).
    (c ) Reconnaissance by Electronic Means . Reconnaissance by electronic means involves the use of radar and TV i.e. they need microwave sensors and light sensors. The two main types of reconnaissance by electronic means are thus radar reconnaissance and TV reconnaissance.
    Specialization is the buzz word in the UAV family wherein by changing payloads different functions can be performed. The broad classification above is likely to undergo changes in the future where specific functional UAV’s would be listed.

    UAV & MANNED AIRCRAFT – A Comparison

    1. Cost

    (a) Cost of Aircraft . The high cost of current generation aircraft both fixed wing and rotary is a cause for concern to defence planners the world over. What is worse is their unit cost is continuing to escalate astronomically.
    (b) Cost of In-service Support . It is not just the unit capital cost of aircraft that is rising this way, so is the cost of in-service support. As a rough rule of thumb, the cost of in-service support for an aircraft is about twice the production cost. The total in-service operational and support costs for one aircraft including all items such as fuel, pay for unit personnel, pay for indirect support personnel, support equipment and so on also need to be factored.
    (c ) Personnel Costs . The cost of training personnel to operate, service and support the aircraft are also high.
    (d) Size. By virtue of its small size it would be difficult for the enemy to acquire it visually or by using radar. Survivability can be further enhanced by using composites and stealth technology which are easier to incorporate in UAVs. It has also been estimated that the removal of the pilot and his associated systems from a modern combat aircraft would lead to an overall saving in mass of 2300 kg. A lighter airframe would require a smaller power plant, which in turn would need less fuel.
    (e) Infrastructure. UAVs will not require air bases of the traditional size and scope. They can be deployed and operated from dispersed sites by taking full advantage of their size and stealthy characteristics. They will also require lesser manpower and infrastructure as compared to their manned counterparts.

    OPERATING REQUIREMENTS OF A UAV

    The basic operational needs that can be defined for a UAV are:-
    (a) Battlefield reconnaissance to provide real-time combat information.
    (b) Damage assessment information on targets engaged.
    (c) Communication relay via an airborne or ground relay.

    SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
    The UAV system is able to provide real time, day and night reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition. The system should be flexible and highly versatile for a large spectrum of combat applications with emphasis on real time visual targets. The UAV system features the following main characteristics:-
    (a) Flexibility and Modularity
    The system is capable of being employed and expanded as a function of user needs. It should have an operational range based on the area of interest in the combat zone of the user. The availability of a variety of Ground Control Equipment provides for flexible system deployment options. The modular design of the sub systems contributes to the ability of adding functions tailored to the user’s operational needs.
    (b) Redundancy
    Redundancy is built into a UAV system in order to enhance survivability, safety and mission reliability. The UAV has redundancy in command link channels, flight control hardware and software, and sensors.
    (c) Mobility and Portability .
    The UAV is designed for high mobility and transportability including ground, rail and air. This facilitates easy deployment to remote operational sites in acceptable time frames.
    (d) Operational Flexibility
    The UAV incorporates a large variety of operation modes and functions that enhance its operational flexibility and versatility in the modern battlefield.
    (e) Man Machine Interface .
    The ground control stations design significantly reduces the operators workload and enhance operational efficiency.
    (f) Connectivity to External Systems . The UAV should provide interfaces for connection to external systems such as command, control and communication computer systems.

    PERCULARITIES OF COUNTERINSURGENCY MISSIONS (AS IT RELATES TO BOKO HARAM)

    Airpower is one of the primary means of force application in a counterinsurgency situation. But there are a number of difficulties in conventional airpower application due to the peculiar nature of a counter insurgency missions. They are: –
    (a) Nature of operation and the targets. Targets are not well defined, easily acquired or clearly identifiable. The enemy does not have normal supply routes and well-established lines of communication. The enemy takes the cover of terrain in jungles and mountains, operates in small groups and mingles with the population. He may get some local support.
    (b) Targets may be in the vicinity of populated areas increasing chances of collateral damage. Civilian population would be part of any insurgency environment and make an excellent area of operations for any rebel force.
    (c) Political Constraints . counterinsurgency, as the name suggests are not full-fledged/declared war. As a result, full utilization of airpower is not possible due to political constraints/ public opinion.
    (d) Requirement of Intelligence . Success of military operations is more critically dependent on high-grade intelligence in a counterinsurgency operations than in normal operations. But it may be the most difficult part of the operation because of its covert nature, terrain and some local support to the enemy. Accurate intelligence is also important because of the need to avoid any collateral damage while targeting the enemy positions. missions in insurgency environments would mean finding and defending against mobile targets spread throughout the country and among the civilian population. In such an environment, timely and accurate reconnaissance information is vital for ground troops.

    THE PROBLEMS OF APPLYING AIRPOWER IN COUNTERINSURGENCY OPERATIONS
    (a) Terrain . In a insurgency environments the terrain assumes even greater importance. The insurgents/ guerrillas/ terrorists rely on the terrain to a large extent for their operations. It varies from urban areas to mountainous and jungle terrain. Intelligence gathering becomes difficult as a result. This leads to difficulty or inability to carry out effective targeting.
    (b) Nature of the Targets . The enemy generally operates in small groups having limited lines of communication and logistics backup. This is especially so in the case of guerrilla and insurgency operations. This makes them stealthy and hard to pick up.
    (c) Tactics . In guerrilla or insurgency operations, the enemy avoids direct combat with the security forces. They follow the hit and run tactics. There is neither a clear enemy nor are there any well-defined battlefronts. As a result the enemy is highly elusive and difficult to track.

    BENEFITS OF APPLICATION OF UAV IN COUNTER INSURGENCY

    The benefits of employing UAVs for counterinsurgency operations are :-
    (a) They can be employed for long durations and with the capability presently existing can actually carry out operations for extended periods of time (our APID 60 VTOL UAV has an endurance of 8 hours before refuelling with 70 liters).
    (b) A single long endurance UAV can remain on station for a long period of time, thus eliminating the factor of pilot fatigue or requirement of large number of missions.
    (c) Though The loss of a UAV in counterinsurgency operations is likely to cause much less political embarrassment as compared to loss of a manned aircraft.

    TACTICAL RECONNAISSANCE REQUIREMENTS OF LAND FORCES WHICH CAN BE ASSIGNED TO UAVS

    The army requires intelligence from air reconnaissance on three areas of information in the context of tactical battles. These are knowledge of the ground, knowledge of enemy strength and knowledge of enemy deployment, concentrations and deployment. These three main bits of intelligence are utilized in planning offensive and defensive tactical action, in counter bombardment and in choosing sites for river crossings. Apart from these uses of air reconnaissance intelligence, the army utilizes air reconnaissance for planning commando operations as well. The major items of intelligence which can be provided by reconnaissance by UAVs for use by the army are as under:-

    (a) Headquarters locations and communications centres.

    (b) Troop and transport concentration, especially armour.

    (c) Administration layout, including dumps and explosives sites.

    (d) Movement of ground, air and naval forces.

    (f) Equipment build up.

    (g) Artillery and mortar positions.

    (h) Positions of anti-tank guns.

    (j) Digging and emplacements.

    (k) Minefield gaps and lanes.

    (l) Road blocks.

    (m) Prepared defensive positions.

    (n) Anti-air landing obstacles.

    (o) Demolition of roads and railways.

    (p) Inundation of terrain carried out by enemy or due to natural reasons.

    (q) Terrain intelligence like:-

    (i) Road quality.

    (ii) Road density.

    (iii) Natural obstacles.

    (iv) Rivers and canal characteristics.

    (v) Altitude of terrain.

    The UAVs would be utilised for gathering and collating timely and accurate intelligence. It is thus essential that the UAVs employed in the region for surveillance and reconnaissances are strapped on with multispectral sensors including electro optical and Infra Red sensors. This would increase the effectiveness of the UAVs throughout the year, both by day and night.

    TACTICAL RECONNAISSANCE REQUIREMENTS OF AIR FORCES WHICH CAN BE ASSIGNED TO UAVS

    Intelligence extracted from air reconnaissance is utilized by air force in a number of ways. Air reconnaissance is invaluable in monitoring ground activity. The information which was provided by these UAV missions was transferred in real time to strike aircraft and attack helicopters to guide them onto their targets.

    TACTICAL RECONNAISSANCE REQUIREMENTS OF NAVAL FORCES WHICH CAN BE ASSIGNED TO UAVS

    During search & rescue missions there is a need to cover as much of the area as rapidly as possible. Use of unmanned helicopters in such missions together with rescue teams may save time and lives. UAVs can scan “hard to get to” terrain with various sensors and day/night cameras, without the need to endanger more lives. The system is compact and mobile, making it suitable for mobile search & rescue units. The ability to lift off and land anywhere (VTOL) is a necessity in difficult terrains. The ability to hover and move in all directions (position trimming) gives the ground viewer more time and ease to scan objects and track the required object.
    Over the ocean it is very hard to scan without loosing orientation. The use of a rotary UAV with a GPS assures that little is missed and every spot is scanned. This is important for all terrains but especially difficult over the ocean where the view is monotonous and everything looks the same to the human eye.
    The APID 60 VTOL UAS can be equipped for true automatic ship deck landing using MALLS Deck landing option enables highly precise relative positioning, guidance and fixation between two moving objects. Purposely designed for the operational needs of automated VTOL UAV operations, MALLS enables fully automatic take-off and landing on fixed and moving ground, such as ships . This unique system option, based on the principles of Global Navigation Satellite System, offers a possibility to automatically control the approach, landing and lock-down on the ship’s deck. The APID 60 can also be equipped with the optional Heavy Fuel engine for use with JP-5/JP-8 type kerosene based fuel.

    CONCLUSION

    UAVs equipped with advanced sensors and information technology is one arrow in the quiver of intelligence tools available to the ISR community of the 21st century. In particular, there is a strong and growing need for increased ISR capability, and advances in technology have set the stage for aggressive pursuit of UAVs for the ISR mission. Air power advocates must not neglect the enormous potential of airborne ISR to uniquely influence military operations, and UAVs with advanced sensors represent a prominent aspect of future airborne ISR.

    This paper demonstrates that UAVs equipped with advanced sensors and information technology is one arrow in the quiver of intelligence tools available to the ISR community of the 21st century. In particular, there is a strong and growing need for increased ISR capability, and advances in technology have set the stage for aggressive pursuit of UAVs for the ISR mission. Air power advocates must not neglect the enormous potential of airborne ISR to uniquely influence military operations, and UAVs with advanced sensors represent a prominent aspect of future airborne ISR.
    In the age of shrinking defense budgets, expensive manned aircraft and high cost of aircrew training. Most of the modern armed forces around the world are realizing the need to employ UAVs for reconnaissance missions in the dense hostile air defense environment and make them the main instrument in future.

    The APID 60 by CybAero AB is a safe, reliable, and cost-effective alternative for both civilian and military use in remote and hazardous regions, or even in life-threatening situations where personnel may be in danger. The APID 60 helps to minimize unnecessary use of personnel, vehicles, and equipment while conducting dangerous and/or monotonous and repetitive work over long durations of time.

  28. Ogunloye adesina samuel says:

    I love that more grace 2 ur elbow airforce on point hurrah

  29. Ogunloye adesina samuel says:

    It is adequately good and is okay for d defence industry to have a detective device that can be use demolish the way the stupid sect are gaining point on the defence industry. Kudos to all flying mates and the Nigerian Army and Navy.God be with you all. Long live Nigeria and long live the Nigerian Air Force.Hurray!

  30. Abdullahi Abubakar Haruna says:

    So proud of the nigerian airforce. Kudos 2 u.

  31. Joe says:

    Nigeria cannot afford to go back that is why its inperative we should not allow any medeocrate to be elect the president any more . Since 1999 nigeria had achieve many unthinkeable inovation from satelite. difuse detonate robot, unmanned aerial vehicle, apc armored carrier, built war ship however small it looks, and many nigerian university medical reseach breakthrough,foreign direct investment to africa and nigeria came first, Nigeria economy gdp all the time stable figure. Jonathan is leading the country to a higher ground. His second term bid should not come as a surprise if he badly want to because he deserve it.

  32. beegeagle says:

    Thanks to backstage communication, we finally know some names working on this lofty project which is proceeding according to plan as we write. Promises to create another special moment for Nigeria after the NNS Andoni, Igirigi APC, Amebo drone etc. Our military inventive prowess is growing everyday now.

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