NIGERIAN ARMY’S 5 BRIGADE AMBUSH INSURGENTS WHO ATTACKED GEIDAM; KILL 10, RECOVER AN ASSORTMENT OF WEAPONS

Nigerian troops in bullish mood prepare to swing into action in Nigeria’s Far Northeast

WORLDSTAGE
14 October, 2015

excerpts

The Nigerian Army also informed that troops of 5 Brigade ambushed the suspected Boko Haram terrorists that attacked military location and Geidam town last week. They were ambushed while returning from an attack on Gajiram near Ngollom village.

“The troops killed 10 Boko Haram terrorists and wounded some. The troops also recovered 1 Anti Aircraft Gun, 5 AK 47 rifles, 1 Fabrique Nationale rifle, 2 Machine Guns and 1 Light Machine Gun. Other weapons and equipment recovered include a Rocket Propelled Grenade Tube, 8 AK 47 rifle magazines, 1 x Toyota Landcruiser, 2 belts of 7.62mm (NATO) with 150 and 180 rounds of ammunition respectively,” the statement said.

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BEEG EAGLE -perspectives of an opinionated Nigerian male with a keen interest in Geopolitics, Defence and Strategic Studies
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36 Responses to NIGERIAN ARMY’S 5 BRIGADE AMBUSH INSURGENTS WHO ATTACKED GEIDAM; KILL 10, RECOVER AN ASSORTMENT OF WEAPONS

  1. Akin Oges says:

    Thumbs up NA! Looks like NA SF got miffed and got the job done nice and tidy on BH. More of this good news NA.

    • colloid says:

      We need more surveilance platforms. If the ATRs are expensive to buy, why can’t we dive into drones procurement? Two mission in one- SPY and STRIKE. If we have enough UCAVs patrolling our skies, those scumbags that attacked Geidam won’t have had a field day atall. Even the soldiers won’t had been caught unaware to the extent they retreated.
      BTW, can someone please tell me how many RPGs it would take to immobile and blow up a T-72 tanks?

      • colloid says:

        ***immobilized***

      • colloid says:

        Chinese CH4 (the stealth version) is available for willing customers. I posted a link here sometimes ago about it. One CH4 was spotted in an Iranian Hangar with the stealth on. So, am wondering what Nigeria is thinking– could it be that the CH3 UCAVs aint working as presumed? No. It’s time we master the use of drone and have them in large numbers- atleast if NAF is afraid of 4th gen Jets, i hope they won’t mind buying drones to secure our airspace and deliver strikes when needed.
        To cover a longer range, our SATs need to be up-and-running(to standard) to be able to sync them together.
        For now, Nigerian has no Airforce– don’t call those “flying coffins” and “amusement park” stick as jets please. We have Pilots but no Airforce. An Airforce institute with pools of pilots without Modern Jets is a shadow of itself.

      • Akin Oges says:

        Clever post Oga Colloid.

  2. rugged7 says:

    This is the way it should be…
    Hit them preferably before attacking villages.
    If not, definitely attack them at their weakest, that is when they are leaving attacked villages with low ammunition.
    Vertical envelopment and liquidation with extreme prejudice.
    Wey our Mi-17 helicopters naa???

  3. ozed says:

    Notice the more reasonable relationship between the BH casualties and the seized arms and ammo? This makes more sense than the 100 killed and 7 rifles seized reports we have seen hitherto.

    Good work.

  4. Augustine says:

    Respectable ogas on this blog, I have a strong feeling that foreign embassy diplomats or military attaches read this blog and transmit our comments to their home countries. Maybe CIA and MI5 are reading too.

    Last month September, this blog came down heavily on Germany for it’s strong political and generous financial action in favour of Syria’s war refugees, while the same Germany is pretending that in Africa crisis, wars, and refugees do not exist.

    The comments also roped Britain and Japan in that loop of those not following international standards of diplomatic support for economic allies/trading partners in a state of war.

    Now in October, we see Britain quickly fall in line and acknowledge their lack of show of solidarity and friendship to Nigeria in a state of war.

    After the British positive action, Germany and Japan were hammered again on this blog this October for turning that blind eye to African security crises, well it seems Germany too has repented of their sins….

    “Tunisia, Mali, Nigeria, Jordan and Iraq have been identified as potential recipients of up to €100 million in funding from Germany aimed at helping partner countries improve their security situations.

    Defense News last week reported that the German government has set up a €100 million fund to help partner countries in Africa and the Middle East. The fund will become operational in the 2016 financial year.

    Katrin Suder, state secretary of the German Ministry of Defense, said in Berlin last week that the initiative is designed to help partner countries prevent crises and stabilize their overall security environment. The money will be used to procure equipment and services for tasks like border protection, small arms controls or the clearing of minefields. ”

    http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=41031

    Japan, you are the next on our list, follow international principles, do what Britain and Germany have done. Nigeria is a major trading partner and large scale importer of Japanese made products, we use our hard earned forex to pay Japan billions of dollars every year as we import your goods and reduce the effect of production surplus and economic deflation troubling Japan.

    Meanwhile, in the lighter mood, maybe the Federal Government of Nigeria should give oga Beegeagle a token out of the incoming foreign cash splash dollars, euros and pound sterling that his blog is now sourcing like a marketer for our government this time around.

    • eyimola says:

      Not sure why Nigeria still receives foreign Aid either, and neither do the countries that provide it.

    • Augustine says:

      Oga Capt Tobias, can you quote where I EVER said international diplomacy OBLIGES any country to give out ARMS to another ?

      Oga please maintain, and lets not trade words, I dislike being said to have said what I did NOT say.

      Call it fine bara or what you will, the comity of nations does NOT agree with you, and that is why they do it…..as a universal principle, Thanks

    • Augustine says:

      Oga eyimola, France gives and receives material support from friends when they go to war. Your own definition of foreign aid I may not know, so I leave it to you to define.

      When China gave armed OPV to Nigeria to fight piracy in the south, we all liked it here, nobody said it was foreign aid. So if Germany gives a fleet of logistics supply Mercedes trucks to Nigeria to fight in the north, then that one becomes foreign aid?

      • eyimola says:

        I’m ok for assisted financing packages when it comes to procurement (which is a form of aid). Its the nature of the Aid that determines me attitude. Naval assets of a certain size and age are ok, same with aircraft. When it gets to the basics of getting your organisation moving, or transporting or feeding your men, then I draw the line.

    • Augustine says:

      Oga Captain Tobias…..sir, was this comment yours or a different Captain ? I do not know.

      Captain says:
      June 26, 2014 at 7:19 am

      “While i appreciate this gesture in the fullest, the idea of non lethal aid is questionable. Providing equipment for force protection alone is an outrage for a noise making ally, but all the same its a welcome development”

      https://beegeagle.wordpress.com/2014/06/26/united-states-govt-transfer-military-equipment-to-the-nigerian-army-2/

      When it is American gift it is not foreign aid abi? We all loved it and appreciated it. Wonderful logic of double standards, isn’t it, gentlemen of the house?

    • Capt Tobias Wilcock says:

      First that was not my post at all ” CAPTAIN Says”, you may check with Beegeagle I post as Capt Tobias, it is a different person, I am articulate and clear in my thoughts, your quote above is
      “The comments also roped Britain and Japan in that loop of those not following international standards of diplomatic support for economic allies/trading partners in a state of war.”.
      “Japan, you are the next on our list, follow international principles, do what Britain and Germany have done. ”
      This remark is condescending for any independent nation worth it’s salt. When China and US gave the OPV , Nigeria did not go to beg them, It was because they had Oil and Gas/ Maritime interests in the ND, which is best served by enhancing the Nigerian Navy to work by proxy ( It was not free, it was wise on their part than deploying into West Africa).
      I do not get a transmute facts got from New papers, internet or magazine, in the comity of nations which at certain levels I have unhindered access and within the US system which I believe i have access and ” come in” status beyond your imagination, a nation that goes around like that begging becomes a joke, A 55yr old that still asks his father or mother for monthly meal allowance for his family, should not be married or independent etc, when he should be the one giving is a failure and disgrace. With the insistence that others must give starts to sound like the Naija parlance of the “alright sir boys” and obtainers. Giving aids is based on universal principle and humanitarian principle given by free will, unsolicited or begged for gift. This is far from the ideas of the founding fathers at our independence.
      The Aids given is way for the donor Government to fund their patron bodies without requiring the permission of their senates (to a certain extend) to get their war chests ready for the next elections ( 70% contracts is issued to their home companies, 20% used to fund their own personnel to be deployed to effect the contracts, the remaining 10% is what is actually spent as operating cost and logistic at location), if you have the access go and ask diplomats , NGOs or even receipt bodies involved in this greek gifts.
      It was first, have a mirror and look at your beautiful self, pre colonization, then try these hot drinks, followed by can we have 1 or 2 slaves to assist in the cotton fields, then we like it here and would help you develop, all you have to do is sign up as a colony.

      • Augustine says:

        If we don’t like how the rest of the world operates globally accepted principles of diplomacy and friendship, then Nigeria should pull out of the comity of nations and go live in isolation on planet Jupiter.

      • Augustine says:

        Capt Tobias….according to your logic, France is a joke, a failure, a disgrace…. and Canada is France’s mother while Britain is her father. You read Mali war French expedition, didn’t you?

        Big bros, it’s not worth it for me to keep arguing with others who are equally entitled to their point of view just like I have my own opinion. We all have our different views. I will leave the matter to rest. Happy weekend. Drink moderately or else don’t drive.

  5. lachit says:

    hey guys look at this

    it seems to me a land based mbrl launching barrage of cluster? submunition? warhead based rockets.
    the area effect of the barrage due to cluster/submunition warhead is breath taking and awesome😀 .
    similiar to the MRSI (multiple round simultaneous impact) effect of artillery guns
    scope to escape from the target area seems almost zero.
    good choice for targetting dispersed BH in forest or defeating mass assaults.
    nice area damage hehehe

    • TRIGGER says:

      Amnesty international will have our heads…

    • lachit says:

      seems to me a new type of thermobaric based dispersing submunition warhead.
      i have seen bomblets from air-dropped cluster bomb explode they dont carry so much bang.
      must have been fired from TOS-1 220 mm Multiple Rocket Launcher System (Buratino, “Pinocchio”), it has thermobaric based rockets .

      i believe some body 4-5 threads ago suggested napalm based bombs for hiting BH .
      napalm bombs have certain disadvantages (crosswind, weather etc etc) and therefore was discontinued after vietnam war.
      i think better option will be
      **thermobaric bombs** aka
      **fuel air explosive bombs** aka
      **vacuum bombs**

      thermobaric weapons have the longest sustained blast wave and destructive force of any known explosive, excluding nuclear warheads.

      now why did i suggest this type of bombs
      reasons
      1.these types are effective against exposed personnel, combat equipment, fortified areas and individual defensive fortifications, clearing passages in minefields, clearing landing sites for helicopters, destroying communication centers, and neutralizing strongholds in house-to-house fighting in a city.

      2.fuel-air explosives are capable of completely destroying in a given area vegetation and foilage.

      3.used in large numbers, fuel-air explosives and other blast weapons can have enormous destructive effects. When multiple fuel air warheads are exploded, the different blast waves reinforce each other, increasing their destructive power.

      4.the effect of blast weapons is also compounded in buildings and other enclosed spaces, and is twelve to sixteen times more destructive than conventional high explosives against targets with large surface areas, such as frame buildings, bunkers, and vehicle shelters.

      5.the blast kill mechanism against living targets is unique and unpleasant. What kills is the pressure wave, and more importantly, the subsequent rarefaction (vacuum), which ruptures the lungs. If the fuel deflagrates but does not detonate, victims will be severely burned and will probably also inhale the burning fuel.

      this gif picture will show u basically how a thermobaric type warhead works

      another interesting thing is it can also be used against mines to clear minefields.

      can be used in nigerian mbrl easily

      @trigger
      these type of weapons r not banned so no problem
      and if AI shouts too much
      ask them about powerful nations report card on human rights violations.
      please let them pick starting from the 5 permanent security council countries😀

    • lachit says:

      open the gif picture in another tab to see the animation

      • TRIGGER says:

        i know napalm, thermobaric, vacuum, fuel air explosive bombs e.t.c e.tc

        the issue is that we have Amnesty International breathing down our neck

        any faux pas will result in serious international debacle.

        the BH conflict is at its apogee so no need for devastating weapons just surgical operations are needed at this point.

  6. TRIGGER says:

    DERAILING…

    hey @lachit been a while sorry i havent reached you since i got your email but i’ve been kind of busy lately.

    on the other thread you listed some things about drones. quite helpful. it keeps me wondering ‘what are you?’…

    i know indians are smart but yours is something else, i’ll like you to help me with some stuffs. I

    HOPE YOU KNOW YOUR COMPUTER SCIENCE.

    — recommend a good SBC thats efficient and cost effective that you know.

    — i know in the technology universe most drones/uav manufacturers haven’t standardized to a particular operating system for the on board SBC ON UAVs.

    –in the Mission Computer, what would you recommend for e.g a MALE UAV? In terms of RTOS, open architecture and partition-able like vxworks OS (but VXWORKS is a embedded system that needs a host OS) NOW the temptation to utilize Linux based OS is strong due to global recognition and open architecture. plus cross platform integration (micro computers e.t.c)

    — sometimes i think it will be more flexible to use one OS for the mission computer, Payload computer and the digital flight computer. but i have absolutly no idea on how its going to work.

    — what comms cable will you recommend for the intranet-network interconnection.

    — do people sell custom GCS or is it just better you build yours, somebody advised me that windows xp will be an excellent platform for the GCS OS. am really considering that… but its security issue is a challenge. any ideas?

    — linux, linux, linux…. why not embed VXWORKS with linux based OS on an SBC. (that will take some ingenuity)

    — even the mighthy USA have succumbed to the use of Linux based OS.

    — ever heard of Arduino APM, Openpilot Open-source mission planners and paparazzi? those guys are doing clean cutting edge open-source Drone softwares.

    — please all help will be greatly appreciated.

    • lachit says:

      hehehe
      first time somebody asked me purely technical related question
      and then the questions r simple but unfortunately😀 will tax my brain cells
      but i will try my best and give the answers tommorrow
      it is festival time in india now and am engaged in RL activities .

      another thing i dont have info on systems utilized by HALE type uav.
      that is ivy league stuff.way beyond me.
      i can best help u with tactical type micro/mini uav.
      so tomorrow latest.
      regards

    • lachit says:

      The selection of the most appropriate SBC for ur needs has to be done based on the power, efficiency, cost, size and speed of operation.
      mainly priority wise
      1.processing power,
      2.speed,
      3.power consumption,
      4.size and weight.
      5.cost

      concised : system size, weight, and power (SWaP)

      the most popular choice for both flight control and more complex sensor-based processing is the SBC based on the PC/104 and PC/104-plus standard, because of its optimal balance on the following four elements:
      1.form factor (96cm x 90cm, ISA-bus and PCI-bus compatible),
      2.extreme environment design (robust pin-hole connection),
      3.expendability (optional function extension board via pin-hole connection), and
      4.sufficient processing speed (range roughly from 300MHz to 1.5GHz).

      for the layman SBC primarily acts as a normal desktop or laptop but featuring highly shrunk size and improved anti-vibration capacity.
      however usage of additional sensors requires additional boards that have to be attached to SBC motherboard.
      most PC-104(-plus) SBC motherboards are not compatible with sensors outputting analog signals. Therefore, acquiring analog data is commonly realized by the attachment of a PC-104(-plus) data acquisition card.

      an embedded hardware platform generally includes 3 modules, they are the avionics system, sensor system and control surfaces. while the modular avionics framework for a UAV includes a control module, data acquisition module, RF module and power module. and finally the avionics system of a UAV consists of four electronic cards corresponding to the above modules, namely a Single Board Computer (SBC) for control module, a Data Acquisition Card also known as Input/Output (IO) card corresponding to the data acquisition module, a Radio Frequency or communication system card corresponding to RF module, and a power card corresponding to power module.
      The SBC board interfaces with a Data Acquisition card or board as well as sensors. The Data Acquisition card also known as the IO card performs the functionality of Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) generator, switching between different modes of operations, multiplexing sensor inputs and telemetry/telecommand (TTC) routing.
      the different modes of operation are
      1. the UAV is controlled manually from a remote station via RF
      2.the UAV is controlled completely by onboard hardware and software ie autopilot / autonomous mode
      3.control is shared between the remote station and the autonomous mode.

      The data acquisition module functions includes telemetry, telecommand functions and multiple sensor connectivity.

      The avionics system is responsible for giving the aircraft the ability to function. The
      avionics system is basically broken down into two levels.
      1.low level functionality:The low level functionality is generally controlled by a microcontroller (MCU) and embedded software running on bare metal without an operating system (OS).
      2.high level functionality:The high level functionality is controlled by an X86 etc, 32bit etc, CPU running on a Windows OS, linux etc.The computing platform that executes on board software modules in the SBC is the Operating System that is ported to the SBC processor. Linux an open source OS is generally used as the computing platform.

      The low level functionality is responsible for flight control. The MCU mainly manages
      sensor readings and motor control while receiving guidance from the high level avionics.
      The MCU must be fast enough to execute these requirements efficiently enough to fly.
      The MCU must also be able to interface with all the sensors, motor controllers and high
      level avionics circuitry.
      The high level functionality is responsible for controllable flight. The SBC processor manages guidance, user interfacing, video, GPS, and security. The SBC processor must be able to run relevent OS for the application software. The SBC processor must be fast enough to render the display graphics, capture video, capture GPS position, and compress and encrypt video and control signals sent between the user’s control device and the avionics.

      WHY SPLIT IT INTO 2 FUNCTIONALITY?

      the processor in the SBC is running an OS, which is doing a bunch of OS-like things in the background, like flushing buffers, and system logs, and stuff like that. these things happen periodically, and interrupt the code.However, in a UAV, there are processes that should not be interrupted (like the part that collects IMU data). we cannot do anything over this interruption because this is how multi-tasking OS works but on the other hand, microcontrollers either run on an RTOS, or some low-level interrupt-driven code that guarantees low-latency operation on the critical parts of the code.
      therefore i have suggested to have a microcontroller dealing with low-level and low-latency tasks such as interfacing with an IMU, and running the PID and output loops. Then slave the microcontroller to the SBC processor, and leave the high-level navigation and communications code etc to it.

      having said that there are exceptions to the above , three reasons that drive the direct integration of the microprocessor into the autopilot system are
      1.the unsuitability of even miniature SBC to the recently born miniature UAVs, particularly for multi-rotor vehicles,
      2. the rapid enhancement in IC’s computational power (e.g., ARM Cortex-A17 with over 2GHz processing capacity),
      3. more flexible choice (100 types of ARM-based microprocessors)
      which is highlighted by the emergence of highend hobbyist autopilot systems such as ArduPilot, PixHawk, and DJI Phantom series.

      PLEASE NOTE
      ***************************************************
      these SBC were the favourites during my time and should be relevent till today, i am not aware/used the latest iterations/versions which are now available, u can use the above examples as baseline for comparison and find the one most suited to ur needs or use the same.
      ***************************************************
      eg of military grade SBC

      1.Atom-Based Rugged SBC made by General Micro System

      Easily accommodating 64 Gbytes of storage via onboard solid-state disk in its miniature 3.5 x 2.5 x 0.5-inch package, Atom is one of the world’s smallest full-featured rugged computer.It boasts 533 MHz DDR-2 SDRAM and is powered by a 1.6 GHz Intel Atom processor that provides 512 Kbytes of cache. With full laptop functionality, Atom offers high-performance graphics with 3D acceleration, and includes five USB-2.0 ports and support for two Express Mini Cards for Wi-Fi, CanBus or other user I/O. The Atom XPC40x is designed to operate at -40° to +85°C with a maximum thermal gain of only 5°C above ambient. Because of its heat tolerance, it is ideal for applications where ambient temperature is high, such as a controller located in an engine compartment or UAVs working in extreme temperatures.The Atom, with its exceptionally low power consumption/dissipation (3W average, 10W peak), imposes little to no impact on the user, eliminating many inherent problems with wearable computers. Pricing starts at around $1,000 for the conduction-cooled XPC40x and around $600 for the standard-temperature XP40X in single quantities.

      2.3rd Gen Intel Core i7 Quad Processor based 3.5-inch SBC by ADL Embedded Solutions

      The ADL3GQM67HDS incorporates 3rd generation Intel Core Quad and Dual Core socketed processors with Intel’s HD4000 graphics engine. Platform features include mini-PCI and PCIe expansion ports, support for up to 16 Gbytes of DDR3 DRAM and video ports including DisplayPort, HDMI, DVI and VGA. Extended temperature operation of -40°to +85°C with ADL Embedded Solutions thermal solutions is also available.The ADL3GQM67HDS is ideal for rugged and extended temperature applications where high multicore processing performance is critical. It brings unparalleled performance to applications such as Unmanned Autonomous Systems (UAS), military intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR), radar and sonar processing, image signal processing and tactical command and control.costs around $800-1000.

      For onboard FCS software is generally developed based on realtime operating system (RTOS). best main options include:QNX, RTLinux, and VxWorks.

      end part 1
      views r personal.
      can be wrong
      regards

  7. jimmy says:

    http://www.lindaikejisblog.com/2015/10/military-pilot-who-died-in-yola-plane.html
    It is official now😥
    You fly with the Angels
    You fought the good fight.
    You have run the final race
    Well done thy good and faithful servant
    Welcome into the bosom of the Lord
    Rest in Perfect Peace
    Amen.

  8. Capt Tobias Wilcock says:

    Oga Augustine, no offence o, just facts. First that was not my post at all ” CAPTAIN Says”, you may check with Beegeagle I post as Capt Tobias, it is a different person, I am articulate and clear in my thoughts, your quote above is
    “The comments also roped Britain and Japan in that loop of those not following international standards of diplomatic support for economic allies/trading partners in a state of war.”.
    “Japan, you are the next on our list, follow international principles, do what Britain and Germany have done. ”
    This remark is condescending for any independent nation worth it’s salt. When China and US gave the OPV , Nigeria did not go to beg them, It was because they had Oil and Gas/ Maritime interests in the ND, which is best served by enhancing the Nigerian Navy to work by proxy ( It was not free, it was wise on their part than deploying into West Africa).
    I do not get a transmute facts got from New papers, internet or magazine, in the comity of nations which at certain levels I have unhindered access and within the US system which I believe i have access and ” come in” status beyond your imagination, a nation that goes around like that begging becomes a joke, A 55yr old that still asks his father or mother for monthly meal allowance for his family, should not be married or independent etc, when he should be the one giving is a failure and disgrace. With the insistence that others must give starts to sound like the Naija parlance of the “alright sir boys” and obtainers. Giving aids is based on universal principle and humanitarian principle given by free will, unsolicited or begged for gift. This is far from the ideas of the founding fathers at our independence.
    The Aids given is way for the donor Government to fund their patron bodies without requiring the permission of their senates (to a certain extend) to get their war chests ready for the next elections ( 70% contracts is issued to their home companies, 20% used to fund their own personnel to be deployed to effect the contracts, the remaining 10% is what is actually spent as operating cost and logistic at location), if you have the access go and ask diplomats , NGOs or even receipt bodies involved in this greek gifts.
    It was first, have a mirror and look at your beautiful self, pre colonization, then try these hot drinks, followed by can we have 1 or 2 slaves to assist in the cotton fields, then we like it here and would help you develop, all you have to do is sign up as a colony.

    • beegeagle says:

      You are right, Captain.

      An attempt at identity theft has just been detected. Someone tried to use Captain Tobias’s screen name to log a comment. I can see through the dud via the IP address and the email address.Some people are just so low..absolutely no respect for themselves.

      The guy apparently hacked into this blog and proceeded to nick Capt Tobias login details. His OP address is practically untraceable so he is most likely a hacker. Here are his IP details

      68.192.185.82

      • Sir Kay says:

        That Ip address belongs to someone from Hoboken New Jersey, here in the states.
        The company that provides mine also provides internet for this particular Ip address,
        “optimum online”.
        To use optimum online, you have to either use your home internet connection, or use a public wifi that belongs to the cable company “optimum online”, and that public wifi requires that you log in with your optimum account name or email and then password. So this person is not invincible at all, ha
        He isn’t using a proxy or some vpn. Just plain optimum
        Upon further digging, Actually its a broadband connection that person used, so he is easy to trace and probably did this from home or work

  9. Sir Kay says:

    Nigerian general jailed over Boko Haram attack on Baga

    http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-34550050

    • Akin Oges says:

      I believe there is such a benign thing called “Cult of Generals”. If the process is confirmed, General Kuti’s sentence will certainly go on review. His sentence will be commuted, and dismissal reviewed to retirement. The man will quietly go into the ether of retirement. Poor chap will live with the shame of failure; a harsher punishment I think. Strange how wars make and unmake careers.

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