T72 battle tanks and REVA Mk.III MRAPs
A Beryl rifle-wielding commando and a BTR-4 APC of the Nigerian Army
Tthis design oga ( it is great).
tuwale oga mschegaz this design has the feel on call of duty games intro
I meant this ahh typo.
You know the generally the right equipment was bought for the NA but not in the right quantities.
Oga Adetayo, that is not very correct. Rifles and light infantry weapons seem to be the only good purchases but numbers are low. Most other procurement especially heavy weapons are BAD.
Many WRONG equipment was bought for Nigerian army and in LOW quantities to make double wahala for dead body.
T-72 tank was wrong, we should have bought almost new but second hand T-90 thanks cheap from Russian army reserve stocks. Worse still, some of the T:72 were bought without ERA armour ! Then none of the T-72 was bought with ATGM turret launched missiles, so how can Nigerian T-72 fight an IFV that has 4 km range anti-tank missiles? Ethiopia is not a fool, they bought T-72 with guided missiles, yet Nigeria spends more money on defense than Ethiopia can dream of.
BTR-4 IFV was bought without guided missiles that are manufacturer specified as STANDARD armament. BTR-4 is designed to have ATGM as standard for the basic version we bought, the Shkval varaint, so we got sub-standard BTR-4.
BVP-1 IFV should never have been bought, it’s obsolete. We should have bought BMP-3 IFV second hand but almost new from Russian army stocks. RM-70 rocket artillery should have been bought in two variants, the 24 km range rocket and 36 km range rockets. Our APCs, LAVs, and MRAPs, should have 70% of them armed with a mix of 40mm automatic grenade launchers, 20mm dual feed auto cannon, multi barrel Gatling guns, and 14.5 mm heavy machine guns. The remaining 30% can mount 12.7mm machine guns. Nigerian army was given 2014-2015 purchases of mostly weak firepower, obsolete technology, and sub-standard specification weapons/equipment by our procurement officials who capitalize on the supreme power to spend public money without accountability and technical savvy. We got lots of stone age stuff from our $ 2.2 billion shopping spree. A LOOTER CONTINUA…..
Something like that
Oga Augustine u totally read my mind
Which country in its right state of mind would buy a T72 tank in this present day not to talk of the number we bought(16) and with the MRAP(s) we bought,why buy two variants(REVA $ BIGFOOT),if u check their stats bigfoot is of superior quality,not to mention the photons of APC(s) that we bought that are not even better than igirigi
I av never seen someone go to the supermarket and buy so many useless goods than we did
N249billion for defence in 2016. That’s not bad at all.
Oga are james #249billion is too small for defencs experditure
They are put that amount for defence,which means our whole security agances(army,airforce,navy,police,dss,sss,dia etc)that just shows there is no plane for our military
It is from this same money that we are to use for procurement,mentenance,salaries,allowance etc
We all know this is shit
NIGERIA I HAIL THEE
N249billion minus corruption will go some way. We can still buy a squadron of moderately priced 4th generation combat jets with the initial payment for six jets in 2016.
Don’t get your hopes up yet with this amount Oga Are James. The Bulk of it is probably going into recurrent expenditure.
Defence sub-heading is just for the NA, NN and NAF
Defence is for Army, Navy,Airforce , SSS and Intel Units, Interior has 200 billion for Police, NSCDC and other units attached to it.
300 billion naira Special Intervention Fund, read with that what you will 🙂
DSS budget does not fall under defence. Defence budget is for DHQ and it’s affiliates( DIA, AFCSC, NWC, NDA etc) as well as the NA, NN and NAF. In last fiscal year DSS was catered for in ONSA budget.
Oga Are James, has the budget details been disclosed? FG says no disclosure until presented and read to National Assembly. So how do we verify the =N= 249 billion defence allocation? Does it include Police and DSS sharing? Also, is it for capital expenditure alone or includes recurrents/overheads?
If it’s for capital expenditures strictly new weapons/equipment procurement alone, the $1.25 billion is small but manageable if wisely spent on the right hardware that will PLUG MAJOR DANGEROUS HOLES AND GAPS in Nigeria’s defense capabilities for both conventional and unconventional warfare/terrorist insurgency.
Give Beegeagle bloggers $ 1 billion to slice up into a shopping list of hardware procurement and we will team up with Oga Beegeagle himself to give the best recommendations on this planet, suitable for Nigeria’s peculiar and most urgent needs in a balanced acquisition catalogue.
Can we verify this budget allocation figure?
Nigeria is NOT safe buying anti-Boko Haram weapons only, we are surrounded by Francophone neighbors, two of them we fought border dispute batles with in time past, and Francophones don’t forgive and forget the past. I have personally met some of their top government ministers on neutral territory face to face and they are still bitter against Nigeria as at 2014, but what else do they want after taking Bakassi and some Lake Chad basin villages from us, do they also want to take Calabar and Maiduguri from us, abi wetin now ?
If they need commenters to dictate what they need to be bought, let those not in the know kindly resign.
He who wears the shoe knows where it pinches.
I believe they always knew what to buy but…
Oga Saleh do u care to explain cos I don’t get you
Worry for the late response. Oga Ekundayo have explained it.
I think we should
1) Wait a little while
2) Seek out our Contacts to find out how much of N294 ( $10B) is going to not only procurement but Capital Expenditure.
3) Have a long term view as bitter as this might sound this re-equipment ( this is my personal view not trying to influence anybody) , whether we are in a recession, or in a budget surplus it is going to take 2-4 years before i believe the tide will change provided there is no more stealing, no more secrecy, the right people are the one ‘s buying the weapons ( I am hearing stuff , but i will hold off on speculation do not want to piss my oga HENRY OFF
4) oga BEEGS/ Zachary/ OLA any of the cyber Generals and if i hear anything will verify first and then let the blog.
More importantly Ethiopia has shown what we can do with just $1- $2b
The ball is now in their court, this is their budget, it is now put up or shut up time.
Good Morning Gentlemen, oga Augustine keep up the good work You missed our good friend OGA Igbi last week
it is actually $1.2bn
Egbon jimmy, it was good I missed Oga igbi, I didn’t know he resurfaced briefly….. happy to be absent at that time. LOL…funny man igbi, he crosses the traffic busy road on foot with one eye open and the other closed, and when he drives his car, it has only transmission gear 5 and him no get brake. LOL 😁
BABY STEPS but it is all good
This is really fantastic, we are realizing that all the religions are major foreign and we are Africans and Nigerians first, their is only One God and Saudi /middle east and Israel / West do not give a dam about Nigerians, only about taking our money and resources
Interior – 53Billion
Defense – 294.5Billion
Ministry of Interior – 145.3Billion
adding up to some serious coins guys
NAIJA. I HAIL THEE
What are ”special intervention programs”.
The budget is is not realistic. More revenues are expected from non oil sources than non oil sources for the first time in 35 years. MTN i am really sorry,
Where are they going to see 4.3% growth?. The only way to achieve this is through government public works programmes. The private sector is still too punch drunk.
Oga Are James,
MTN has hired seven SANs and told Nigeria to its worst, they are not paying.
Northrop Grumman has revealed a flying-wing tailsitter drone it says does not need a runway. Instead, it simply lands on its tail – a design first tested in the 1950s. The design is part of Northrop’s proposal for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency’s Tern programme.
Northrop’s tailsitter design includes a set of large counter-rotating propellers covering almost two-thirds of a roughly 9.14m (30ft)-diameter wingspan, Hernandez says.It carriers weapons and sensors as stores underneath the wing.
Northrop’s unmanned Tern design harkens back to the manned Lockheed XFV-1 concept of the early 1950s, which also featured a tailsitter configuration with nose-mounted counter-rotating propellers to provide vertical thrust for take-off and landing and forward thrust in horizontal flight.
Cameroon “neutralizes” 70 Nigerian villagers…
This war against arerams require soldiers with dedicated hearts of steel, without which Post Traumatic stress ultimately overcomes, leading to irrational thoughts and actions. Nigeria must continue to implore our neighbors to remain level headed and try as much as possible to comport themselves most especially in the face of this palpable evil.
We wait on a press release from DHQ if in fact this story happened as stated.
NAIJA. I HAIL THEE
Oga Rugged7. I respect your hustle sir.
DEFENCE – Army, Navy, Airforce, NWC, NDA, AFCSC. DICON, Defence Intelligence Agency
INTERIOR – Police, Civil Defence, Immigration, Prisons, Fire Service
DSS falls under the NSA docket for the purpose of appropriation
@ oga Arejames
In reply to your question “Where are they going to see 4.3% growth?. ”
It is expected to come from two sources.
Source #1 This is expected to be a Capital Expenditure Intensive project it is expected to be a massive spending budger relying heavily on CAPITAL PROJECTS ( LAGOS- IBADAN EXPRESSWAY, then it is going to be Highways linking the South South with the Middle belt think Cross River to Benue State , it is also expected that the Horrible Federal Highways in Anambra starting from Onitsha going into the S’East ( remember the v.p. visited the S.E about two months ago) this will gulp some more , there is heavy speculation as to the 2nd River Niger Bridge, Alas these highways will be tolled as well as a lot of other Highways
Source #2 (Taxes) Remember this name BABATUNDE FOWLER he used to be the pit bull err revenue commish in charge of Lagos State and is credited with raising LASG IGR from $2b to $20b he is now in charge of the Federal Inland Revenue, his job is to quite simply collect revenue in form of Taxation from both Citizens and Corporate alike .
MTN should fear the “glove wearing Minister ” they really should deal with him than with Tunde .
Source #3 Custom excise duty enough said.
I am going to hold my powder for now but these are my initial thoughts
A+ on Capital expenditure
A + on Education
B++ on Defence ( Reason being let us see what happens when PMB goes to China 2016)
OGA ZACHARY , BEEGS MYSELF , HENRY, PECCAVI, DOZIEX , AUGUSTINE, SOLOREX there is work to be done we held GEJ to the fire we cannot relax with PMB lest the do gooders say we only need MIG 17S to end this war.
Oga jimmy, well said sir, you are on point. We hope for a better 2016 defense sector.
Clarification the capital spending on HIGHWAYS is just one example there will be other Capital projects specifically housing etc, etc. I was just using an example.
137bn capital expenditure on defence is manageably good. We actually have not had it so good except from the eighties. The money for arms procurement was the largest in history last year. That money is in the pockets of ‘smart’ politicians now.
This year’s budget is at least $750million and if we can charge building of barracks and officers mess to other sub heads, money might just be available to buy some significant stuff.
i think we shuld wait for the full detailed budget, line by line via ZBB system so we know EXACTLY how much is to be spent for procurement, so the 137 billion will not end up as salary payment or for welfare projects. Weapon procurement and Welfare should have the 2 highest allocations while the rest systems like overseas training should be stopped, let our friends who want to train us do it for FREE or leave us alone, the money to send 200 troops abroad can be saved and diverted for more weapons, so this budget should have the MOD and DHQ split it as 60% CAPEX and 40% Recurrent Expenditure, from the 60% of CAPEX, 80% For weapon procurement, training, tech transfer, R and D and maintenance should happen with Airforce and Army getting the highest allocation(Due to BH).the rest 20% can go to Welfare of officers and ratings with 40% going for those in the front line in terms of insurance.
What do we think?
Oga mcshegz thanks for the budget chart images. Oga Are James thanks for posting the defence allocation number yesterday. All Ogas now have numbers to work with.
Capital expenditure for defense is about $ 700 million based on the above charts, this may be our figure to work with on procurement maybe after the national assembly approves the budget and full details published for public knowledge.
I think FG is hoping to get some recovered defense procurement dollars from the 2008-2014 weapons money looters pockets, the pen robbers in government who wrecked Nigerian military war machinery and combat capacity with spectacular financial corruption .
If FG recovers say like $ 300 million in 2016, then adding it back to where it was stolen from, we have ONE billion dollars for 2016 defense procurement.
My hope is that we recover up to $ 500 million, because after deducting all delivered/ordered/awaiting equipment, deducting daily war operation costs, and all manner of relevant overheads, that is the minimum likely estimate of what is missing from defense treasury courtesy of those we entrusted with the survival life-line of Nigeria and it’s 180 million people.
Also, FG may bank on getting loans from China for extra budgetary defense procurement, and that could cover 90% of Navy needs, and 50% of Air Force needs from China-Pakistan.
Also, FG may consider trade by barter exchanging oil and gas blocks at very reduced prices for weapons/equipment from countries like India, China, France, Israel, Brazil, Italy, etc.
We just have to raise more money somehow.
For Oga Kay, I know you feel frustrated but we cannot keep quiet yet on this blog, not now when new procurement is being budgeted for. Don’t make the mistake of thinking Nigerian military knows ALL they need to buy. I am in defense industry and I can tell you that weapons/equipment exist worldwide in hundreds of thousands of types of hardware and new technology keeps emerging daily, new hardware types enter the market daily. Nobody knows everything.
Nigerian military has not exposed itself much to the latest war technology around the globe and most officers do not bother to weekly update their knowledge of weapons options available from Brazil to Canada to South Africa to Italy to China to Russia to Pakistan to Belarus to Sweden to Holland to Israel to France.
A battlefield officer may just know he needs an IFV, but what IFV is best for Nigerian war theatre/terrain/climate and peculiar Boko Haram style of warfare? American military itself is still evolving on types of weapons to deploy against insurgents/terrorists and the USA is now importing better infantry weapons from Sweden.
A pilot may know he needs a 4th generation jet fighter or dedicated armoured COIN jet, but what does he know about panoply of armament and sensor options newly available in some distant corner of this wide world?
How about ideas from many heads on this blog about tactical use or adjustment/modification of weapons/platforms to solve peculiar problems of Boko Haram threats and tactics? Most of the improvements you see in Nigerian infantry equipment and kit today, were recommended by this Beegeagle’s Blog in 2014-2015. The ones this blog recommended and were not procured are mostly heavy weapons costing several millions of dollars per unit, and the looters avoided those ones so that there can be much idle money available for looting, and in cases where they followed this Blog’s recommendations on muli-million dollar equipment, they inflated the purchase costs and corruption killed some those transactions.
Na so dis country keep quiet till FG and NAF bought obsolete F-7 jets at the same price of modern JF-17 Thunder Block I that has BVR and PGM capabilities for air superiority, recce, land and sea strikes.
Beegeagle Bloggers will do their own patriotic duty here, and leave the rest to THE NEW SHERIFF IN ASO ROCK who has promised to do things right for a positive change.
Thank you everyone.
The capital defense budget may not be spent on procurement alone. you may have construction included. Barracks construction, hangar construction, maintenance facilities etc
FG should take one year local bank naira loans to build military barracks and medical centers. We should save our scarce dollars for weapons importing. Even proforce armoured vehicles should be paid for mostly in naira and only partly in dollars for materials import. We can print naira, we cannot print dollars.
Is anybody following the manner in which Russia is deconstructing Amnesty International? I just watched part of it of RT.
The response from Major General Igor Konashenkov was presented in the manner you would expect for a PhD thesis.
This is the way Nigeria should have continued responding to them. Always fearlessly expose lies and hypocrisy when you are in the right. Russia’s defence included calling Amnesty Internationals actions a provocation. I no say Buhari no be Putin, but we can learn from proper use of swagger.
Apart from those who are used to living and working daily with caucasians, most Nigerians QUIVER psychologically when they face white men, they over-respect oyinbo skin. Maybe we should start using our own local albinos to balance equation.😁
Not really true.
“Quiver” might be a bit over the top.
Nigerians are generally very friendly with foreigners- White or Black.
It doesn’t necessarily have anything to do with the skin
Oga rugged, am not talking about meeting oyinbo in a social friendly atmosphere. Rather I mean within the context of the Amnesty international kind of case, it is true. They QUIVER. We had to praise Osita Chidoka for being different facing a foreign media interview, we saw the video here. Compare his interview with other government top shots who faced such oyinbo media barrage, they didn’t do well…..compare the Russians Vs Amnesty.
ANTI-BOKO HARAM VIGILANTES POSE CHALLENGES IN WEST AFRICA
The use of vigilantes and armed civilian groups has become a necessary part of regional efforts in West Africa to end Boko Haram’s bloody insurgency. The use of such groups, however, could leave Nigeria and its neighbors with more problems than solutions, according to security analysts.
The governor of Cameroon’s Far North region, which has been peppered by Boko Haram attacks in recent months, recently said that financial provisions will be made in the 2016 budget to support self-defense groups. In Nigeria, the Civilian Joint Task Force (JTF)—originally set up in Borno state in May 2013 following the declaration of a state of emergency in the northeast, is occasionally credited with having greater success than the military at driving the militant group from their bases.
Seen as having local knowledge, vigilante groups help to form an effective counterweight to the Multi-National Joint Task Force (MNJTF)—an 8,700-strong regional force comprised of soldiers from Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Benin. Reports have also emerged, however, of JTF members allegedly torturing suspected members of Boko Haram and recruitment of child soldiers into vigilante groups used to hunt down the militant group headed up by Abubakar Shekau.
Upgrade now – Free phone/tablet charger worth over £54
“There are real concerns around accountability, [about] who these individuals are working for and what their aims are,” says Elizabeth Donnelly, assistant head and research fellow of the Africa program at London-based policy institute Chatham House. “The danger with this is that if you have groups of people who are armed, maybe somewhat trained but largely not, roaming around—with responsibility for security but not accountable to anybody, then you have problems emerging of how they use that force.”
The deadline of the end of December , proposed by Nigerian president Muhammadu Buhari—by which time the Nigerian Army is supposed to have reclaimed all territory held by the insurgents—is fast approaching. Though the militants—recently awarded the dubious title of the world’s most dangerous militant group —appear unlikely to fade in 2016, the idea of armed civilian groups roaming the region in a post-Boko Haram Nigeria is a concerning one, says Donnelly. “Let’s say once the Boko Haram crisis starts being properly, dramatically reduced…What are you going to do with all of these armed volunteers, many of whom right now aren’t paid at all?” she says.
In Nigeria, the structure and make-up of civilian vigilante groups is fluid. The Civilian JTF was formed as a civilian self-defense group following a spate of Boko Haram attacks in Borno state more than two years ago. Originally thought to consist of some 500 young fighters, who were not soldiers but ordinary Nigerians, the Civilian JTF is now thought to be thousands-strong, with a single unit in Borno state comprising up to 8,000 members. There are also other civilian groups, such as the Vigilante Group of Nigeria, 1,200 of whose members underwent an intelligence-gathering and counterterrorism training weekend earlier in December.
Vigilante groups are nothing new in Nigeria and their presence is a realistic consequence of the limitations of the military, says William Assanvo, a senior researcher based in Dakar, Senegal for the Institute of Security Studies, an African think tank. “There is an acknowledgement that the security forces are not in a position to be everywhere at any time and that they need to have [the] contributions of local populations,” says Assanvo. He adds that the use of civilian forces against Boko Haram raises the chance of civilian targets being attacked by the militants. Boko Haram have shown no aversion to hitting civilian sites—such as markets , churches and religious processions—in the past, and Assanvo says that vigilante groups turn civilian populations into legitimate targets in the eyes of the militants.
Vigilante groups present opportunities as well as challenges. According to a 2010 Human Rights Watch report, Nigeria’s police force consisted of some 371,800 personnel—the largest in Africa—but is dwarfed by the country’s population of almost 180 million, despite Buhari’s plan to recruit an additional 10,000 officers. These vigilante groups could, with additional training and regulation, be integrated into the police force and utilize their local know-how in service of the federal government, according to Donnelly.
Additionally, the fluidity and unregulated structure of such groups means they are effective at following Boko Haram, which crosses borders at will. This same flexibility, however, brings attendant problems. “Because they aren’t accountable and they don’t have the same rules [as the military], they carry risks with them. The hope is they’re accountable to their communities, but once these guys have a weapon in their hands, the balance of power shifts,” says Donnelly.
“says Assanvo. He adds that the use of civilian forces against arerams raises the chance of civilian targets being attacked by the militants. arerams have shown no aversion to hitting civilian sites—such as markets , churches and religious processions—in the past, and Assanvo says that vigilante groups turn civilian populations into legitimate targets in the eyes of the militants.”
Really, Assanvo, really, hehehehe; i dont know under what rock you’ve been living, but arerams modus-operandi has always been to attack and terrorize the civilian population, come-vigilantes or not. To hereby seemingly justify arerams continuous dastardly acts by implying that its because citizens are courageous enough to defend themselves against this cult is just shameful and outright tactless, symptomatic of the envy, jealousy and outright shame Nigeria’s success continues to heap on her enemies. As always Nigeria is winning this war again terror the Nigerian way, get over it, or hug a transformer.
“There are real concerns around accountability, [about] who these individuals are working for and what their aims are,” says Elizabeth Donnelly, assistant head and research fellow of the Africa program at London-based policy institute Chatham House.
hmmmm, i wonder what could be more transparent and accountable than community policing, the Civilian-JTF do not live in underground bunkers and tree houses, they live with their families, known to the rest of the community. So, Elizabeth, i suggest we grow some brain ;-/
NAIJA. I HAIL THEE.
Oga Rugged7. I respect your hustle sir.
Good riddance. I think its quite clear by now that Nigerians rarely succumb to a violent usurping of their faith and believes. So if the (Islamic Movement of Nigeria) IMN wish to go the route of areram, well, good luck, we wish them the best in their endeavor. They at least must know that there are better, more effective ways to convert people to Shiaism, a violent, confrontational path has proven to be the least effective, why dont they seize this period to change tactics to a softer, hearts and minds approach, which in my opinion delivers greater results without the bloodshed. IMN needs to be more tactful, actualize plans without the palpable confrontation, otherwise, they will surely loose, better ask areram.
NAIJA. I HAIL THEE
Capt Tobias. I respect your hustle sir.
To think that some bloggers havery been defending this movement. SMH
The way I see it, Boko Haram was merely first to market with their terrorism there were others preparing the same meal fir Nigeria at almost the same time as well.
Nigeria today is more than capable and ready to confront violent extremist threats wherever they may be. The Nigerian state will not capitulate to cheap blackmail, i think that is quite clear for all to see. A so called leader who willingly/unwillingly sends his/her followers to confront legitimate armed apparatus of the state is nothing short of a coward and must be held liable for the deaths of those brain-washed deluded and incompetent followers. If it is argued that those followers acted on their on volition, then, it evidently shows the kind of teachings they’ve been receiving which instructs them to resist constituted authorities. Whosoever violently challenges constituted authority should be made to face the full wrath of the law; this war against corruption will be total and all encompassing.
NAIJA. I HAIL THEE.
Oga Are James. I respect your hustle sir.
We are stupid to be killing ourselves over foreigners interpretation of the Divine presence, there is only one God and Africans in any religion knew that and did not need any Foreigner to teach them. The Arabs were the first and still enslaving black people even in till date ( Mauritania, Sudan, in Libya, Black towns were total destroyed and all black males were wiped out, etc) the West propagated slave trade, an it was a catholic French priest that initiated the replacement of the wiped out indigenous population of the Caribbean (Haiti, etc) by engaging in slave trade in West Africa, the modern day South bible belt still argue that the bible says that Slaves should obey there masters.
We need to build up our nation from bottom up, if things were done right the younger ones would not have any time for all this pointless and unachievable goals.that offers them no benefit but to engage of their available and idle minds in destruction.
Quoting from an article though controversial.
The first Europeans (Portuguese and Dutch) arrived in Africa in 1480, before the French and the British.
And 1200 years before the Europeans arrived in Africa, the Arabs, the Moors, the Berbers have been enslaving, brutalizing, and exploiting Africans for centuries. Forcefully converting them to Islam, rape, pillage and indoctrination. Africa’s religion is holistic, traditional, primitive and in rapport with nature. Not Christianity and definitely Not Islam.
They (the Arabs) turned the African man into a “Hunis” or “Dir” his testicles removed to increase his size, to make him bigger and stronger, a workhorse, a master slave. Wile the women were turned into “Harem or haram “ black prostitutes, concubine, sex object and housemaid, servants (modern day Somalia, Sudan, Niger, the Tuarec, Fula, the Hausa, the inhabitant of the Sahel are their descendents).
The African Muslim is as oxymoronic as a black Japanese. There No such thing as an African Muslim. In fact 1600 years ago “Bilal” an African slave Muslim in [their prophet mohemet] era was not allow to practice Islam, because he was dark skinned & African and this practice still goes on in places like Mauritania, Niger, Sudan etc.…. In fact the Arabs not only enslaved the Africans, they enslaved entire nation states: the Turks, Greeks, Bulgarians, Armenians, Serbians, Russians, Ukrainians, Georgians, Uzbekistan, all of Eurasia, Kazakhstan, South Asia Indonesians, Malaysian
(Borneo-man) the Philippines island of Mindanao etc…
Also quoting from another article ” Half of the story not told” Slavery and the making of the American Capitalism.
The lessons of Debaltseve: Armored vehicles still matter, but they need to be mobile, lethal, and survivable
Foreign Policy Magazine By Thomas E. Ricks
December 22, 2015 10:20 AM
Best of Best Defense: Number 21 in our list of the most viewed posts of 2015. This post ran originally on March 19.
By Brian Drohan and Andy Forney
Best Defense guest columnists
After nearly fifteen years of counterinsurgency in Iraq and Afghanistan, American advocates of heavy armored forces interpreted Ukrainian forces’ defeat at the battle of Debaltseve as an indication that “tanks still matter.” But the key lesson of the Debaltseve fight is a broader one: Combat vehicles of whatever kind must provide the mobility, protection, and lethality that commanders require in order to best integrate armor, infantry, and artillery in a combined arms fight.
On February 18, 2015, after several weeks of heavy fighting in and around Debaltseve, pro-Russian forces surrounded the city. Cut off from friendly forces, government troops withdrew from the city in a manner which the Guardian called “anything but orderly.” In the aftermath of the battle, many reports highlighted one particular aspect of the fighting: The separatists’ use of Russian-supplied armored vehicles to drive home their attack.
In a sense, the separatists’ use of armor to achieve battlefield success could be interpreted as a vindication of the continued need for “heavy” forces in contemporary warfare. Several accounts reported the presence of T-72s and T-80s in eastern Ukraine. In late January, pro-Russian armored columns fought entrenched Ukrainian forces outside Debaltseve. Although the Ukrainians reportedly achieved some successes, separatist forces used their tanks’ mobility and firepower to break the Ukrainian defenses and force government troops to withdraw. But focusing on the use of tanks misses the greater significance of the fighting.
Although armored vehicles played an important role in the fighting, the separatists’ success actually was achieved through the effective use of combined arms operations — that is, the coordinated employment of tanks, infantry, artillery, and other battlefield assets to achieve military objectives. Rebel artillery disrupted Ukrainian vehicle columns withdrawing from the city, forcing many soldiers to leave their vehicles behind and evacuate on foot. The Guardian quoted one Ukrainian soldier: “Guys are running out on foot through the fields because [rebels] are shelling vehicles.” The ability to exercise effective command and control by communicating orders and coordinating actions — an essential element in combined arms operations — also proved vital to the separatists’ success. The separatists coordinated their actions better than Ukrainian forces. As Ukrainian commander Semyon Semyonchenko said: “What hindered us in Debaltseve? We had enough men and material… the problem was with the leadership and coordination of actions.” According to Semyonchenko, the Ukrainian defeat was “the result of incompetent management of our troops.”
Finally, the Ukrainian experience indicates that combat vehicles which cannot protect soldiers from the threats they face on the contemporary battlefield are of limited value. These vehicles lack the capability to influence the fight. Based on the Guardian’s report, Ukrainian troops had a greater chance of escaping Debaltseve if they abandoned their vehicles. Most of the Ukrainian army’s vehicles are Soviet-era designs. This includes armored fighting vehicles such as BMPs and BTRs, trucks and utility vehicles, as well as towed and self-propelled artillery. Some new tank models have been introduced since Ukrainian independence, such as the T-84, but these vehicles are evolutionary upgrades of Soviet-era main battle tanks such as the T-72 and T-80, which also remain in service. Ukrainian troops have upgraded some aging armored vehicles with field-expedient protection designed to prematurely detonate incoming rocket-propelled grenades. These modifications reflect the vehicles’ vulnerability to lightweight, portable anti-tank weapons. The key lesson here is that outdated vehicles cost money to maintain and employ, but add little to combined arms capabilities when facing a complex enemy force armed with heavy machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades, not to mention heavy artillery and tanks of their own.
Like the Russians and Ukrainians, the U.S. Army’s armored force largely relies on Cold War-era vehicles
Like the Russians and Ukrainians, the U.S. Army’s armored force largely relies on Cold War-era vehiclessuch as the Abrams tank and Bradley infantry fighting vehicle. These heavy forces remain effective and relevant, as demonstrated during the Iraq War, but armored units are also vulnerable to improvised explosive devices and lightweight anti-tank weapons. Another limitation is that heavy forces take a long time to reach the theater of operations. For these reasons, lighter infantry brigade combat teams can deploy around the world at short notice, but once these units arrive in theater they lack the mobility, protection, and lethality of armored forces, which makes infantry brigades vulnerable.
In the early 2000s, brigade combat teams based on the eight-wheeled Stryker were created in an effort to strike a balance between the infantry brigade’s lack of vehicle mobility and the armored brigade’s inability to deploy quickly. In Iraq, the Stryker provided infantry units with mobility, except sometimes in mud and rough terrain, but lacked sufficient lethality and protection. Strykers received field-expedient armor upgrades similar to those carried out by the Ukrainian army in its current conflict. In summary, Abrams tanks and Bradleys have the best combination of mobility, protection, and lethality but lack deployability. Strkyers are mobile and provide some degree of protection, but lack lethality. Infantry brigades, however, are lacking in all three capabilities.
U.S. Army combat vehicle modernization efforts in the near term should therefore focus on improving the infantry brigade combat team’s vulnerabilities so that U.S. Army forces do not face a similar tactical situation as the Ukrainians in Debaltseve. The infantry brigade combat team’s lethality is based on dismounted infantry squads. Humvees provide its mobility. But Humvees are poorly protected, provide little firepower compared to armored forces, and lack off-road mobility. During the Iraq War, improvised explosive devices and anti-tank weapons exposed the Humvee’s limitations as a fighting vehicle. To better protect soldiers, the Army adopted new vehicles such as the more heavily armored MRAP. Since the end of the Iraq War however, light infantry units have rapidly divested themselves of MRAPs. Humvees and MRAPs face the same limitations as the modified Ukrainian vehicles that now litter the Debaltseve battlefield. Lacking the necessary capabilities of mobility, protection, and lethality, U.S. Army infantry brigades are far more vulnerable to adversaries who effectively employ combined arms operations, be they state, non-state, or “hybrid” enemies.
The U.S. Army must consider these shortcomings as it makes critical decisions on the Army’s contribution to the joint force during this current period of fiscal uncertainty. Planners and programmers cannot become wedded to particular vehicle platforms, but must consider the capabilities needed to attain overmatch and win in the current and future operational environment. To succeed, the Army must identify the capabilities necessary to win on the battlefield and modernize toward those requirements. Combat vehicles must bring useful capabilities to the fight — mobility, protection, and lethality — rather than the charred hulks that now line the roads leading out of Debaltseve. Future combat vehicle designs may not seek to combine all three elements in one platform. Remotely operated or autonomous systems could perform reconnaissance or logistical functions, increasing mobility while requiring much less protection than a manned system. Enabled by networked communications, heavily protected but less-mobile manned command and control vehicles might employ “swarms” of highly mobile, remotely operated attack vehicles to increase lethality without the weight of armor to protect a crew. While the future will most likely include budgetary “belt-tightening” and enforced prioritization, the battle of Debaltseve shows that combat vehicle capabilities matter. The U.S. military must heed this lesson.
Brian Drohan and Andy Forney are U.S. Army officers and instructors in the Department of History at the U.S. Military Academy-West Point. The views expressed here do not necessarily represent the views of the U.S. Military Academy, the U.S. Army, or the Department of Defense.
Photo credit: Andrew Burton/Getty Images
The NA should be thinking this way and asking local manufactueres to innovate and bring to life this ideas gained from field experience, it was noted that the famous “humvees” ( They will give us, they will help us) has very little off road capability and use at the moment of truth.
Planners and programmers cannot become wedded to particular vehicle platforms, but must consider the capabilities needed to attain overmatch and win in the current and future operational environment. To succeed, the Army must identify the capabilities necessary to win on the battlefield and modernize toward those requirements. Combat vehicles must bring useful capabilities to the fight — mobility, protection, and lethality — rather than the charred hulks that now line the roads leading out of Debaltseve.
typo – Manufacturers
Hello People, I’ve been following the wonderful contributions everyone is making here, good job people! I would say though that it’s difficult to speculate on how this $1.25bn should be used if you don’t know what exactly it covers. If I got it right, this includes all the services, the police and DSS? If this money was for the armed forces only (Army, Navy and airforce) and supposing this money is only for procurement, then the following can be done.
The $1.25bn can effectively make a purchase worth 5 bn for Nigeria with the $1.25bn serving as a 25% deposit for an arms deal to be concluded over a period of 2 years. The armed forces would need to come together and go to the same source for their equipment to maximally appropriate the money and get good deals. $2bn worth of equipment for the airforce, $1.7bn to the army, $1.3 bn to the navy.
On the other hand if the money is shared between the armed forces and other security organs, then let’s say the armed forces get $750 million. Again, this can be a 25% down payment for modernization. With $3bn, the armed forces can share $1.4bn to the airforce, $1bn to the army and $600 million to the navy for a 3 years defence contract.
In all, $1.25 bn is a paltry sum, the government needs to do more for the armed forces or defence in general. The government has to come up with creative and sustainable ways to fund the armed forces in particular otherwise, things would never change.
Nigerian President @MBuhari tells BBC “technically we have won the war” against Boko Haram http://bbc.in/1Vb7N9t
How is this even close to being factual???
These our leaders piss on us daily without even the collective courtesy of calling it rain…
Suspected Boko Haram fighters launch four strikes on Lake Chad area
Convicted Nigerian soldiers held without food, care since April
More than 50 Nigerian soldiers convicted and sentenced to death last year by a military court martial have been left to fend for themselves since April, PREMIUM TIMES has learnt.
Some of the convicted soldiers who spoke to this newspaper said they had been feeding themselves as well as providing their basic necessities for over eight months.
“They said we should feed ourselves,” said one of the soldiers detained at Arakan Barracks in Lagos.
“We survive by giving our ATM cards and the pins to our colleagues to help us withdraw money from our accounts which we use for our upkeep.
“We have been using our money to buy food, soap, and other things.”
The 54 soldiers, belonging to the 111 Special Forces, were convicted in December 2014 for conspiracy to commit mutiny and mutiny.
They were sentenced to death by firing squad.
Femi Falana, who represented 58 of the convicted soldiers at the military court martial, confirmed the soldiers had been abandoned and insisted it was the duty of the military authorities to feed the convicts.
“They ought to have been taken to prison since February this year,” said Mr. Falana, a Senior Advocate of Nigeria.
“They were simply abandoned because the system has collapsed. This is just one example of the many violations in the military.”
Mr. Falana said he had brought the soldiers’ plight to the attention of the military hierarchy but got no explanation.
“Once they have been condemned, there’s no longer any regard for them.”
PREMIUM TIMES contacted Sani Usman, the Nigerian army spokesperson, on Sunday and he declined to comment in details on the matter saying he had “no information.”
“There is no way that could be unless there was a problem, like a communication gap,” said Mr. Usman, a Colonel.
The army spokesperson requested time to respond and promised to provide details by Monday.
However, as at Tuesday, a reminder to Mr. Usman did not elicit any reply.
PREMIUM TIMES gathered that the soldiers are detained in two groups of 30 and 24 – with the latter group being held in an underground facility.
Narrating their journey to detention, one of the convicts, who requested not to be named for fear of victimisation by the army authorities, said they had received an order to advance towards Damboa in Borno State on July 9, 2014, in ‘soft-skin vehicles’ – a convoy that includes Hilux vans and no armoured cars.
There was a distress call that the 195 Battalion in Damboa headquarters was being dislodged by Boko Haram terrorists.
“We were ambushed at around 1.30 p.m. that afternoon where we lost 23 soldiers, four officers, and 32 injured,” Mr.Ogu said.
“The reason was we were not given armoured car.”
The soldier said they had earlier informed their Commander, Lieutenant Colonel K.C Uwa, that they needed an anti aircraft, RPG bombs, and an Armoured Personnel Carrier to respond to the distress call.
“He said we should not worry, when we get there.
“So after we were ambushed and attacked, we withdrew.
“We were unable to extricate the whole dead bodies because of the intensive fire of the terrorists.”
The soldier said they regrouped again at AIT, along Damboa road, and the next day (July 10th), they received from 7th Division, seven APCs and one ‘Emorab’ (a big APC with large front and back tyres equipped with an anti-aircraft).
“They were provided for us to go and pack the dead bodies of dead soldiers back to Maimalari Cantonment in Maiduguri.”
A happy beginning
The soldier said his group had been in Maiduguri since 2013.
All the deployment were led by Lieutenant Colonel S.S Ahmed and Colonel J.A Nuru. The Brigade Commander was M.I Yusuf, while the General Officer Commanding was Major General Entan.
“We were the first soldiers, about 120 of us, to be deployed to Damboa, Mafidin, Bali. We were the first to launch attack on Alagarno, a Boko Haram training ground stronger than Sambisa.
“They gave us anything we demanded. Even if they want to collect it back, they will do it after an operation.”
Back at their temporary base at Mulai Primary School, Damboa Road, on July 10, the soldiers gathered for their evening briefing by their Commander, Lieutenant Colonel Uwa.
“During briefing, usually they give soldiers opportunity to ask questions, if any, and we did,” our source said.
“He (Uwa) said he had been hearing of our prowess, that how come we lost the operation.
“We told him because we were not equipped. We used to get anything from 7th Division and we would win and even come back with Boko Haram weapons.
“We requested (for weapons), you didn’t give us.
“He said no operation until those things requested were provided.”
On August 3, 2014, Commander Uwa was replaced by Timothy Opurum, another Lieutenant Colonel.
“He (Opurum) called for Durbar (soldiers’ briefing) and we told him everything. We said we need those equipment for advancement.
“On 4th August, we were asked to advance to that same axis – Delwa, Bulabulin, and Damboa.
“We told him (Opurum) we were going to go but our ammunition had been exhausted. He called us and asked what we need. We said even if it’s one APC, 50 of us can go and come back.
“He left that night, around 2 a.m. with some soldiers to go and bring what we requested. He did not come back again.”
At around 8 a.m. on August 5, Colonel E.A Aladeniyi, an intelligence officer, arrived at the soldiers’ camp accompanied by some military police personnel.
“He (Aladeniyi) said we should dress up, that he’s moving us (from that primary school) to 7th Division in Maiduguri. We were about 67 in number.
“He said it’s a new order. He left with six soldiers because the vehicle he came with cannot contain all of us.
“Later, Captain Suleiman, a military police officer, came in with civilian JTF and, before we knew anything, they started dislodging our tent. They did not say a word to us until they left.”
The soldier said they were then asked by their Regimental Sergeant Major, Warrant Officer Idris Danladi, to move to Sector 7 HQ – their administrative headquarters in Maiduguri.
“We did not see Lt. Col. Timothy again till the 10th. He asked us to gather, that he tried his best but did not succeed. That the GOC was angry.”
On August 18, the Boko Haram terrorists attacked Delwa, and the soldier and his group were given an APC to go and “extricate” their colleagues from the attack.
“We were the ones that repelled the terrorists. Even (Commander) Timothy commended us,” he said.
“On 23rd August, they asked us to file. We thought it was for the GOC (Major General M.Y Ibrahim) to commend us for the battle on the 18th and 19th but the GOC did not come.
“It was Major Yaro, a military police, that came and asked us to write statements about what happened on the 4th.
“On getting to Abuja, what we saw was criminal conspiracy and mutiny, a two-count charge.”
This is wickedness
There is nothing greater than dieing for one’s country but its only madness to trow your life away when you know your country can provide the best weapons that can save your life when in conbart,they clearly did not ask for mush,just only amunitions and one APC,can u imagine that,just one and they accuse them of mutine and for their CO,is it not his job to protect his men and ask for their right as soldiers and now these soldiers have to take care of themselvs
There is one question we are not asking“Are their salaries still being paid”
No body can tell me that your soldiers are cowards or mutinies cos I know the Nigerian spirit and it is not that of a coward
Give these guys the right weapons and watch them paform wonders
“No body can tell me that your soldiers are cowards or mutinies cos I know the Nigerian spirit and it is not that of a coward”
I TOTALLY agree with this comment. The typical Nigerian psyche is combative, aggressive and resilient in the face of all odds.
Hence the reason why i scratch my head when someone claims Nigerian soldiers “ran”…
I tire ooo, but this matter goes beyond what the case of the soldiers was. Ita basic humanity. It shows how the authorities treat people. You detained soldiers, whatever the reason, whether justified or not, whether on trumped up charges or not……U should feed them. these are soldiers na. Haba!!
Well, sorry to burst your bubble sir, but these soldiers have been tried and convicted in a constitutional court of law, so your/my opinion doesn’t really hold much weight; unless you are a lawyer, in which case you can legally fight for the rights of said soldiers in any competent court of law in Nigeria, which i understand Mr Falana is doing very aggressively. Are we then in any way implying that perhaps we know more than DHQ, please, oga’s lets put emotions aside and reason logically, will the soldiers be tried and convicted without any evidence of wrong doing, i refuse to operate under such premise.
Any human being that so decides to undertake an action must with a sound mind weigh its advantages and disadvantages, because, when you succeed, you and you alone get the glory, but when you fail, well, you must be ready for the consequences of your actions, as no one forced you to engage in such activities.
Their sentences have been reduced from death to 10 years imprisonment, facilitated by their appeal and competent legal team. We must realize that senior officers have also been sentenced, so this is not some aimless exercise but one meant to instill discipline and punish perpetrators of wrong doings. Unless we are saying soldiers can never be prosecuted because they are soldiers; no sir; this is not a conscript army, you fight and die for your country of your own volition, free to leave after properly filing your papers.
Yes the state of our prisons need to be drastically improved, that will happen well in its due time, we only need to call our government to action.
NAIJA. I HAIL THEE.
Oga Centenary. I respect your hustle sir.
It’s nothing new, ordinary prisoners go thru this same shit for years, even without trial or conviction. We are simply democracy on paper, so much is wrong with that country.
I’ve seen prison images with prisoners having pots and cooking utensils inside their overcrowded cells, where on earth is that done? We can’t even have a kitchen? F
ood supplies delivered to that kitchen then have these prisoners cook for themselves?
Teenagers locked up in cells with hardened criminals, with little to no supervision.
Female prisoners having babies without any one asking who’s been raping these women.
I don’t even want to think about all that, Nigeria is truly messed up, no offense.
That said, for soldiers that have seen battle and have actually performed well, its sad to treat them that way, if true that is, wasn’t there.
Yeah, this is normal. Prisoners feed and cloth themselves in prison or else they extort others and if not they suffer with the gruel and stay barely clothed. Just because they are soldiers does not mean they should not go through what any other prisoner in Nigeria goes through. The prison system needs reform but hahahahahahahahaha (Gallows humor) nothing will be done and the people of the prisons service will steal everything meant to go to the prisoners (personal experience I have seen beddings, toiletries meant for prisoners in storage for years, same with federal universities, the monies are allocated , stolen and then the items bought are not disbursed).
“I don’t even want to think about all that, Nigeria is truly messed up, no offense.” hahahahaha; i always wondered why even when we know we are about to offend, we proceed anyways after which we say no offense.. hehehehehehe. Oga, emotions run deep 😉 A free and democratic Nigeria will only get better, that’s not only a fact, it’s a given; i implore us not to loose hope 😉
NAIJA. I HAIL THEE.
Sir Kay. I respect your hustle sir.
Oga mcshegz, i said what i said because that’s the way i see it. And nothing offensive about it either, it is the truth. So that “No offense” is simply a saying for me, if anyone get offended by what i said, then they need to work on something, no thin skin needed.
eya, sorry oh, your blood don dey boil..
take it easy na…….hehehehehe 😉
Are you surprised?. Even on this blog most of our sympathies often go to favoured individuals than the real Nigerians who are suffering daily It is very sad that it is Buhari who may do a lot of the changes his predecessor was expected to fo. A man who was an outsider to power, a highly read personality, born into a poor family , from the wrong tribe was expected to do. Nigerian prisons are hell.
Wonderful report from Ukrainian battlefield field. Thanks Oga Captain Tobias, very good practical warfare news analysis from that magazine.
This is why I always say Nigerian military should not arm up for Boko Haram low level warfare alone, we must plug the dangerous gaps in our national defense capabilities in 2016. The $ 700 million capital expenditure budget will only fix Boko Haram war equipment needs and ~ $ 600 million of that vote needs go to the army if we want to end this war before Boko Haram rebuilds itself back to it’s 2014 capabilities. To plug these 30 year old major critical and DANGEROUS wide gaping holes in Nigeria’s national security and defense capabilities, we need another ~ $ 700 million minimum to be used for strictly new weapons/equipment procurement shared among all three armed forces as NAF $ 400 million, NN $ 200 million, NA $ 100 million.
The actual need for all three Nigerian armed forces on new weapons procurement to meet up with other top 10 African countries’ regional power’s standards, is about $ 5 billion but our Nigerian federal government does not have the courage and will power to invest that much on military equipment for national security.
Now we are desecrating graves of our own citizens now? I wonder which Judge signed off on this, because in a real democracy, this won’t be happening, when you keep trampling people like this, it will only sow resentment .
Is this Man supposed to be homeless after he leaves jail? Or he is being exiled? Just curious.
Agree or disagree, don’t care ( not you Oga Jimmy, lol) , but this is my own opinion
I am going to straddle the fence on this one which is very rare for me and I will tell you why:
I do not live in Zaria, Kaduna State but even if we accept there was High handedness by the Military, it is increasingly becoming glaring that most people who live in the Sabon Gari area? are not shedding any tears for this man, This much also is clear for every action there is a reaction, I leave the Legal niceties to the Lawyers, it might be a little bit to convenient to say it is simply an Army vs Shiite thing, I can say there are Shiites who live peacefully in other parts of Nigeria , specifically the S’WEST no trouble, neither would i want to say it is a Sunni vs Shitte thing it is more like IMHO , Matters came to a head this as we say in the States was ” A long time coming ” and it also is beginning to appear the era of appeasement, of inviting A—–S to Aso Rock is over.
and Sincerely OGA Sir Kay I respect your opinion.
Now someone will come here and tell me we only practice true federalism on paper, hehehehe. Governor El-Rufia of Kaduna state surely knows that if he doesn’t permanently curtail IMN’s high-handedness, his state and his people will be worse for it.
Marching on the street, blocking roads, disrespecting and disregarding constituted authority, any fish eating zombie can do that; what backwardness, what shenanigans;
Why are they are not building electronic devices, learning how to write code, constructing cheap housing, learning to build drones, some of their mullah supporters in Iran know how to do these things, why is IMN not asking for these things, rather, they prefer to hoodwink young impressionable individuals to march and confront the military, in order to show some deluded form of power, why wasn’t Zakzaky himself in front to ambush the convoy of the General, why did he not present himself as soon as he heard that the soldiers were at his domain, why on earth did he send these brainwashed individuals to fight his battle, if he truly believed he was in the right, he would’ve been at the forefront, is that a leader? what a leader.
Kaduna state will make sure to confront this violent menace quickly. Zakzaky himself will be prosecuted and punished for his radical teachings. Nigerians must seize to fear the application of the rule of law; everyone has the right to practice whatever religion they so wish, but when that practice begins to negatively infringe on the rights accorded to other citizens, then every constitutional power and law will be found and utilized to cut you to size. And to those who worship Iran in its phantom reach and scope, hehehehehe, at least, at last, finally, Nigeria a 500billion dollar economy will be forced to #ArmToTheTeeth in order to defend herself against these fanatical forces, not against Cameroon, or Chad…. hehehehe.
NAIJA. I HAIL THEE.
Oga Jimmy. I respect your hustle sir.
Happy EID Maulud,
May all your dreams, goals , and aspirations come true.
whaaaaaaaaa…. wow, one can only imagine the catastrophe intended for these innocent individuals. Community policing at its best, now europe.newsweek.com’s Assanvo from Senegal and Elizabeth Donnelly from London will have us believe these are the people we should be worried about.. haters no get shame.
Go Civilian-JTF, Nigeria owes you a great debt, defending yourselves and your community from this evil, depraved, barbaric cult.
NAIJA. I HAIL THEE.
Oga Jimmy. I respect your hustle sir.
Asymmetric warfare is best tackled by a synergy of the military and civil populace, if this had gone ahead, the whole world would shout that the December deadline was a joke. The CJTF guys would be more effective in the “urban warfare” stages of this campaign. they must be given recognition and controlled within the COIN structure. They would still be required to be active for a few years after all field hostilities have died down to counter the sleepers cells.
Merry Christmas everybody, stay safe, See y’all next year.
Merry Christmas to you!
The article below is about highly innovative stuff from Yemen, a country with a truly wretched economy (ranked number 90 by the World Bank) and one that is also at war with a country ranked at number 19 by the World Bank. They basically reengineered a Soviet era S-75 surface to air missile into a highly devastating surface to surface ballistic missile with a 200kg warhead. If Yemen can under such stress, then Nigeria surely can.
Yemen’s Global FirePower ranking by globalfirepower dot com puts them at number 79 in the world, while their adversary, Saudi Arabia is number 28 (Nigeria’s position is 41).
Yemen Adapts Surface-to-Air Missile to Hit Ground Targets
December, 22, 2015 – 15:13
TEHRAN (Tasnim) – Yemeni Ansarullah movement’s technicians have succeeded to make major alterations to the Russian-made S-75 Dvina surface-to-air missile system, producing a new surface-to-surface ballistic missile that can hit targets in a range of 500 kilometers.
The military innovation came after Ansarullah forces realized that the S-75 missiles cannot be efficiently utilized for targeting the advanced military warplanes belonging to a Saudi-led military coalition, which have been pounding Yemen for about nine months.
By making major modifications, the Ansarullah experts could adapt the surface-to-air missile (SAM) to hit target on the ground.
The new product, dubbed ‘Qaher-1’, is a ballistic missile with a range of 500 kilometers. It was first fired at the Khaled bin Abdulaziz military base in Saudi Arabia’s southwestern city of Khamis Mushait, located 884 kilometers (549 miles) southwest of the capital, Riyadh.
Since March 26, Saudi Arabia and some of its Arab allies have been launching deadly airstrikes against Yemen in an attempt to restore power to the fugitive former President Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi, a close ally of Riyadh.
According to Yemeni sources, some 7,500 people have been killed in the Saudi-led aggressions so far.
In a recent retaliatory attack on December 18, Yemen’s army, backed by the Houthi fighters, launched a Tochka ballistic missile at a military camp in Yemen’s west-central province of Ma’rib, killing at least 180 Saudi-led troops.
A military source said Yemeni forces had also fired two Qaher-1 ballistic missiles at the Najran region in southwestern Saudi Arabia. The counterattacks, the source said, came after Saudi Arabia’s violation of a ceasefire.
Oga Ade Kola, you need to see this spartan halls/factories and places where this back room manufacturing and thinkering takes place in Syria, Libya
We know the Yemenis wouldn’t know jack about the high tech modelling and flight surfaces redesign required to do this so once again we have to acknowledge Iran. The most innovative country in the world now as far as aerospace tech is concerned.
Dat pix looks funny.are our 4navy now a brown/greenish navy.
Shiite Vs Army blah blah blah, blame game is on all over the world from Zaria to Tehran…..but what if the innocent law abiding and patriotic chief of army staff General Buratai had been killed by those Shiite Petrol bombs in the hands of the mob seen sneaking from behind the trees towards him, the world is not thinking about that abi ? They want bad people to kill good people ? Don’t good people have a right to PROACTIVE SELF DEFENSE in the face of looming threat to their innocent lives ?
Dear Ogas, There is no blame to self defence, Maitatsine hordes did not carry any significant or reported firearms, but were equally devastating in their strikes, my major concern is that Government must manage it’s affairs with tact, both action and information, so that we are not vilianized in order to fit the narrative of the global press( which of cause affects arms procurement). Also If the gathering IMN had spilled into other parts of Zaria, the situation may still be on going and with higher death toll ( the military might have had intelligence from within the group). We need to be smart not to take on too much at once, First degrade BH to a none significant fighting force then DSS / Police can have ample focus to contain and neutralize IMN. Good strategy is never to under estimate any opponent, listen to all information good or bad and don’t live within your own thoughts/box so that you are not caught off guard or an unexpected situation (no plan)
Not all Shiites in Nigeria are NOT members of Nigerian Islamic Movement (NIM)
If we want to talk about the death and destruction in Zaria pertaining to ZakZaky and NIM, let’s not use the term Shia.
When BokoHaram members are killed, or BokoHaram kills Nigerians, we don’t say “Sunni” do we?
Regarding the death and destruction in Zaria, it’s a shame. It all could have been handle a lot better.
So many things in Nigeria will be better with an effective Police Force.
Shame, shame, shame.
*All Shiites in Nigeria are NOT members of Nigerian Islamic Movement (NIM)
Merry Xmas and a Happy New Year to all the Ogas, AC generals and also the real ones on blog, God’s protection to all the troops in the field protecting us and our values and also his Graces to those that have fallen and their families
My Oga,s, does the Beryl rifle which we bought with the same 7.62 rounds specs offer any effective capability advantages over the AK series (47/74) in the field. lighter, ruggedness, reliability, barrell heat, etc.
It was my impression that the Pols manufactured it to access the 5.45 Nato rounds after re-alignment with the West, following crash of USSR
Merry Xmas everyone, and special one to Oga Beegeagle.
Rear Admiral Babalola, Nigerian Navy Transformation Plan, presented at conference 2014
“Meanwhile, a comprehensive evaluation of the state of the
older ships due for extensive refit, including the ARADU, MCMVs and the
Strikes is being undertaken. This is with a view to assessing the feasibility or
otherwise of increasing their service life. Overall assessment of the
implementation milestone under this transformation pillar indicates that
about 80 percent of the short to medium term development objectives have not
For instance, under the Fleet Renewal line of development,
over 100 mix of boats should have been in service at the end of 2013 while 4
Fast Attack Crafts, 4 Tug Boats one Survey Ship and 8 Helicopters should have
been acquired during the same period.
The single most influential challenge to the smooth implementation of
the NN Transformation Plan is funding. This is in spite of the growing
awareness of the vast economic and security benefits offered by the sea to
nations that have effectively harnessed its potentials. This was aptly demonstrated in the 2014 Appropriation Act in which the NN was allocated only a meagre 5 percent of the projected
Na waah o ! Our navy got only 5% of the capital fund projected/required/requested, if I understand that sentence correctly, abi?
Navy plans published for public information in 2014, what of Air Force transformation plans, can that not be published for Nigerians to read? Has Army even drawn any transformation plans yet?
Merry christmas to all my oga,hope you all will send me portion of the xmas meat
Merry Christmas fellow countrymen
Seasons Greetings beegeagle family. Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year to you all. may we continue to move from grace to grace with fullness and passion. To our beloved country, may we finally take security, geo-politics, and governance serious. and our think tank become even better than an advocacy group, same with TRADOC and others
Merry Xmas Beegeagle and all contributors to this blog. Your patriotism and perseverance shall not be in vain
What if the COAS was killed ?
l don’t get this excuse.
If the COAS was killed ( God forbid ) by the kind of people l saw in the video, then he is not fit to be COAS.
Meanwhile that is not the issue.
The issue is that the option of killing over 300 people is barbaric to say the least especially when you several better options.
PEPPER SPRAY ( common amongst police men)
SHOOT IN THE AIR
TAKE ANOTHER ROUTE
We must do more to show we value human life.
Merry Christmas to my Ogas at the top.
Following you guys nurtures my patriotism.
God bless Nigeria
Lol. I guess you don’t recall someone on this blog once said tear gas and other non lethal are not readily available. Anyway non lethal would have been conducive for another crowd. The sect spokesperson stated that they thought the convoy was on the way to attack them as a result of a previous incidence. So do you think they were not ready for non lethal stuff. If you ever lived in zaria or its environ you would have known about this sect. They have no regard for state laws and only do what is instructed by their leaders. If the police was called in by now they would have attacked police installations in zaria
StrategyPage has caught a lot of flak on this blog for their news articles in times past, but i always felt they were been intentionally daft which in its own way projects creativity; but this here is just sheer and gross incompetence; former Nigerian president Johnson? Really, wow.
Some MTJF Members to be regularised/drafted into the military….
Half of them will run away from training
Merry Christmas to ALL
Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:
You are commenting using your WordPress.com account.
( Log Out /
You are commenting using your Google+ account.
( Log Out /
You are commenting using your Twitter account.
( Log Out /
You are commenting using your Facebook account.
( Log Out /
Connecting to %s
Notify me of new comments via email.